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Introduction Influenza A virus (IAV) is a zoonotic pathogen that has had an impact on animal health since at least the late 1800s when it was first described in chickens as fowl plague. There have been 4 human pandemics associated with IAV

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

federal surveillance program for avian influenza virus, the diagnostic laboratory suggested performing RRT-PCR assay for detection of avian influenza virus and simultaneously initiated virus isolation for other potential viral pathogens in birds. Results

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Canine influenza virus is a pathogen of dogs. Since the time when it was first identified in racing Greyhounds in Florida in 2004, 1 CIV has been detected in other breeds of dogs in most states. 1–3 The disease is characterized by a high

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Influenza virus causes acute respiratory disease in multiple mammalian species, including humans, horses, birds, pigs, cats, and ferrets, and has recently been identified as an emerging pathogen in dogs. 1–3 Canine influenza H3N8 is believed to

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Canine influenza A virus subtype H3N8 was first identified in 2004 as a novel respiratory pathogen of dogs in the United States. 1 Results of molecular analyses of H3N8 CIV isolates indicate a Florida sublineage H3N8 equine influenza A virus was

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Equine influenza, a contagious disease resulting from infection with influenza A viruses (subtype H7N7 or H3N8), is considered the most important viral respiratory disease in the equine industry. 1 The disease is characterized in influenza

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Concern regarding the implications of AI outbreaks throughout the world is growing. This concern stems, in part, from the potential for a human influenza pandemic originating from HPAI virus infections. 1–3 However, outbreaks of a specific strain

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Influenza A virus, a member of the Orthomyxoviridae family, is characterized by an enveloped virion containing a single-stranded, negative-sense RNA genome. 1 Mutations accumulating within the IAV genome and reassortment of viral genomic

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Canine influenza is a relatively new disease that was first identified in racing Greyhounds in Florida in 2004. 1 Canine influenza virus is a type or genus A virus in the family Orthomyxoviridae. Influenza A viruses are classified into subtypes

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

An outbreak of respiratory disease in dogs occurred in the metropolitan Chicago area, beginning in March 2015. 1 In early April 2015, the respiratory disease outbreak was found to be associated with an influenza virus infection in sheltered dogs

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association