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has focused on in vitro elution. 8 – 12 In vitro elution carboplatin studies have mostly been performed in PBS including release from poloxamer 407 8 and release into a gelatin block to mimic tissue. 13 Elution studies in plasma might more closely

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Dehiscence and enterotomy leakage are potentially devastating complications in patients that have undergone gastrointestinal surgery. 1,2 In vitro bursting pressure testing has been reported as a useful method for evaluation of enterotomy

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

infection management prior to the introduction of antimicrobials in the early 20th century, 6 and microbial resistance against silver is rare. 7 The in vitro antimicrobial effects of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) against multiple bacteria, viruses, and

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

cAMP and cGMP. 5,6 Pimobendan and other pyridazinone derivatives inhibit platelet aggregation. 7 Published reports of studies evaluating this effect are limited, but in vitro data for humans have demonstrated a measurable antiplatelet effect

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

biotherapeutic to prevent UTIs after demonstrating in vitro efficacy against 79% of pediatric and 68% of canine UPEC isolates. 24 , 25 This benefit is attributed to its ability to produce bactericidal microcins against closely related bacterial species as well

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

over time in vitro with and without the outer stainless steel ring in place. We hypothesized that changes in measured dimensional variables would not be different between ARCs with the stainless steel outer ring in place versus those without the

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

against the gram-negative and gram-positive pathogens that most frequently affect the cornea, and have favorable adverse effect profiles. 2,3 Results of in vitro and in vivo studies 4-6 have made ophthalmic preparations of fluoroquinolones the

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

patient's fluids to the patient connection. 18–20 Despite technological advances and the need to prevent secondary anesthetic-induced hypothermia in veterinary medicine, no product has documented superiority. No in vitro or in vivo output temperature

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

feed use in cattle, has some efficacy against MAP in vitro and in vivo. 2–5 Vaccination, available on a limited basis in the United States, may reduce the prevalence of clinical disease and has been associated with reduced colonization of intestinal

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

implantation. 22 Use of calcium sulfate is generally limited to orthopedic applications to augment fracture repairs and prosthetic implants or to fill bone defects. 22 The objective of the study reported here was to compare in vitro release of carboplatin

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research