, or surgical approaches. However, only a few case reports and case series 17 – 22 describe the outcome of dogs presenting with extracapsular adrenal gland hemorrhage secondary to spontaneous adrenal tumor rupture. The perioperative mortality rate has
intestine, particularly the jejunum. 1 Postmortem examination of affected cows reveals devitalization of the proximal portion of the small intestine, primarily the jejunum, associated with frank hemorrhage into the lumen with immediate clotting that results
hemorrhage had originated from the lungs. Prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and concentration of fibrin split products were determined to be within reference limits. The horse was jogged for 20 minutes. Findings on abdominal palpation
-ACTH sonographic findings. There was free fluid and hyperechoic mesentery surrounding the right adrenal gland. Findings were concerning for adrenalitis, adrenocortical necrosis or hemorrhage, thromboembolic disease, or atypical presentation of anaphylaxis
Exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage has been identified in all breeds of horses used for fat racing, harness racing, hurdle and steeplechase racing, polo, western performance disciplines, eventing, show jumping, and dressage. 1–3 This condition
bloody fluid was collected.
Thoracic radiography was performed while the cat recovered from anesthesia and revealed diffuse pulmonary infiltrates consistent with alveolar hemorrhage in the dorsocaudal lung fields ( Figure 1 ). As a result, the cat was
Traditionally, macrohemodynamic variables (eg, arterial blood pressure, heart rate, cardiac output, and oxygen delivery) have been used to determine the severity of hemorrhagic shock and aid in determining fluid therapy for resuscitation. However
JF , Rectal hemorrhage associated with vascular ectasia in a young dog . J Am Vet Med Assoc 1992 ; 200 : 1349 – 1351 .
9. Fan TM Simpson KW Polack E , Intestinal haemorrhage associated with colonic vascular ectasia (angiodysplasia) in a
Surgical intervention includes either ligation of the PDA via a lateral thoracotomy or transvascular device closure. Risks associated with both types of intervention include hemorrhage (most commonly from either the PDA or vascular access vessel