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R otaviruses (RVs) are important causes of severe gastroenteritis in humans and animals. 1 – 6 In foals, infection results in severe diarrhea, dehydration, and, in some cases, death. 7 , 8 Other clinical signs include diminished suckling

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

questionable when lumbar areas of young specimens are examined using CT. 6 As whole-body CT imaging in young foals is implemented more and more for presurgical planning of foals with, for example, polyarthritis, possibly in combination with umbilical (remnant

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Shortly after birth, neonatal foals are active, agile, and responsive to the environment; however, they predictably collapse and become flaccid during a particular type of physical restraint. 1–5 This phenomenon, previously referred to by various

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Liver disease in adult horses has been well described, 1–3 but to our knowledge, there is little published information about liver disease in neonatal foals beyond case reports and small case series. 4–8 Reported causes of liver disease in

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

on the farm, with the first case having been identified 1 month prior to the foal's birth. The foal's birth reportedly was uncomplicated. The dam had been vaccinated against eastern equine encephalitis, western equine encephalitis, tetanus, and

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Proliferative enteropathy is an emerging disease in horses caused by the obligate intracellular organism Lawsonia intracellularis . 1 The disease affects weanling foals and has a sporadic occurrence, although outbreaks on breeding farms have

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

In the latter study, 7 high IL-6 activity in serum or peritoneal fluid was correlated with mortality rate, whereas high serum TNF activity was not correlated. Previous clinical studies of cytokines in neonatal foals have revealed that serum TNF

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

2003, which resulted from the use of cells obtained from a fetus. The same month the mule birth was reported, researchers in Italy reported 21 the birth of a horse foal resulting from use of NT with adult somatic cells. Subsequently, birth of 2

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

septic foals. 9,10 On the other hand, although septicemia is common in foals, adrenal gland dysfunction is reported infrequently. 9–13 Nevertheless, recent evidence 10,14 suggests that some foals with sepsis with hypotension that are unresponsive to

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Equine neonates are commonly evaluated by veterinarians for clinical signs of systemic disease. Although systemic diseases of foals have been described, the ocular manifestations of disease have received little attention in the peer

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association