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The establishment of guidelines and protocols for the use of firearms in the euthanasia of cattle is essential because unsuccessful attempts at euthanasia are inhumane and demoralizing. Failure of euthanasia by gunshot can lead to operator

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

conditions are met. These conditions are that the individuals performing the euthanasia are well trained in firearm safety, safety measures are in place to prevent human injury, and an appropriate anatomic aiming point is used. 7 , 8 Euthanasia by gunshot

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Introduction In response to the coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, stay-at-home orders were implemented across the US in March 2020. Following these new guidelines, an increase in background checks and firearm sales was reported

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

does occur, any substituted means are likely to be less lethal and/or less accessible when means safety interventions are put into place for the most lethal and/or common methods of suicide. 9 , 10 Firearms are extremely lethal and result in the most

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

induced by motor vehicles and altercations with other animals, with the number of patients with trauma induced by firearms varying between studies, comprising up to 2.1% of trauma cases. 1–5 Descriptions of the patient demographics and characteristics of

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Summary

Twenty-two horses were examined because of firearm injuries. Nine had been shot with .22- caliber bullets, 2 with BB pellets, 6 with buckshot, 1 with a, 35-caliber bullet, and 1 with an airgun pellet. Injury was confined to the skin or skeletal muscles in 8 horses. Of these, 7 returned to their previous use. In 14 horses, injuries to additional structures were incurred, including the sinus and pharynx (n = 2), mandible (n = 1), tooth (n = 1), aorta (n = 1), eye (n = 3), tibia (n = 1), gastrointestinal tract (n = 3), joint (n = 1), and trachea (n = 1). The 3 horses that had only eye injuries were discharged to their owners. Of the other 11 horses with injuries to deep/vital structures, 3 died, 5 were euthanatized, and 3 survived.

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

goats, those authors recommended that the approach be “from the rear with the aim directed between the base of the horns toward the mouth.” 7 If a firearm is used, it may be “aimed from the front just above the eyes on the midline, shooting towards the

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

preferences in breed ownership and firearm choice were responsible for variations in gunshot injury characteristics and management in animals sustaining injuries in rural and urban settings in Iowa. See page 923 Outcome and prognostic factors for

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

for males in the 1985–1989 calendar period. Methods of suicide Among all decedents, the most common methods of suicide were the use of firearms (180/398 [45%]) and pharmaceuticals (154 [39%]; Figure 4 ). Other methods of suicide were

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

with the use of firearms is that a bullet may travel through the skull of the animal and put the operator and other bystanders at risk of injury. Therefore, safe and effective euthanasia methods for small goat kids that can be administered by producers

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research