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Neoplasia of the cranial mediastinum is rare in dogs, but when observed, thymoma is the most common diagnosis. 1,2 The recommended treatment for neoplasia in this particular region is mass extirpation via intercostal thoracotomy or median

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

known to be time consuming and difficult, with 1 study 2 demonstrating that 40% (± 27%) of the total surgical time for mass removal and LN extirpation was dedicated solely to LN identification and removal. In the same study, surgeons’ subjective

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

coupled with extirpation of the sublumbar lymph nodes if lymphadenopathy is present. Adjunctive therapies such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy can be considered depending on whether metastases are present or absent. Multiple studies 12–16 have

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

approach for bilateral mandibular and medial retropharyngeal lymphadenectomy. 10 Many surgeons routinely remove the MRLNs from dogs in which the MLNs are being extirpated because the surgical approach is straightforward and associated with minimal

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

eliminate all gross residual disease is the treatment of choice for advanced ovarian cancer and has been shown to dramatically improve the likelihood of survival. 4–6 Cytoreductive surgery consists of extirpation of the primary ovarian tumor as well as any

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

size has previously been correlated with an increased risk of metastatic disease, several studies have demonstrated potential for prolonged outcomes (up to several years) with lymph node extirpation in dogs with nodal metastasis. 1 , 5 , 11 – 13

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

the bilobed shape of the extruded IVD material commonly observed in such dogs. Materials and Methods The study was purely descriptive. Vertebral column or surgically extirpated epidural tissue specimens were grossly and histologically or

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

nodes were extirpated, without en bloc excision of deep cervical tissue. Additional lymph nodes could be resected at the attending surgeon’s discretion. Figure 1 Schematic diagram of the proximate lymph nodes of the neck for eutopic and hyoid

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

diagnosis of PDH must have been treated for at least 6 months after trilostane initiation or until illness caused discontinuation of treatment or death. If a dog with ATH was scheduled to undergo surgery for extirpation of an adrenal gland tumor, owners

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

withdrawal times established for adult cattle to calves might not be appropriate, making extralabel drug use in calves problematic. See page 1275 Small Animals Video-assisted extirpation of cranial mediastinal masses in dogs Recommended

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association