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The understanding of stress and its impact on elasmobranch health and medicine is an important topic of ongoing investigation. During stressful events such as physical handling and exposure to air, fish have a wide range of physiologic responses

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

E lasmobranchs, including shark and ray species, are commonly housed in zoos and aquariums, and in a review of diseases identified in elasmobranchs in human care, infectious and inflammatory states were the most prevalent conditions diagnosed. 1

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

. Instead, most of the research in elasmobranchs has focused on a select few species of shark. 2 – 5 Briefly, elasmobranchs have a 2-chambered heart (atrium and ventricle). The atrium receives blood from an accessory chamber, called the sinus venosus, which

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

contracept elasmobranchs has had poor to limited success, 2 , 3 , 4 presumptively due to the 7 different types of GnRH found in elasmobranch species. 5 , 6 , 7 In Potamotrygon sp, 4.7 mg and 9.4 mg Suprelorin implants (GnRH analog-protein conjugate

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

the sensory ampullae of Lorenzini. Formulate differential diagnoses from the history, clinical findings, and Figure 1 —then turn the page→ Histopathological Findings The skin of bonnethead sharks and many other elasmobranchs is variably

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

The field of elasmobranch medicine is in its infancy, and there is a paucity of information on hematologic values 1–4 despite the growing need for veterinary care of captive sharks. Sites for collection of blood samples in sharks are typically

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

respiration. See page 110 Influence of phlebotomy site on results of a point-of-care blood analyzer in elasmobranchs Results of a study involving 66 wild and 89 aquarium-housed elasmobranchs (sharks and rays) indicate that sample collection site

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

elasmobranchs such as stingrays for both education and scientific study. Characterization of the reproductive biology of a species is the first step toward understanding the requirements for conservation and long-term survival under managed care, yet little is

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

species found in elasmobranchs, amphibians, and reptiles. 1 There are at least 204 species in the genus Henneguya , 2 with 43 new species described between 2002 and 2012. 3 These parasites, in addition to having a wide range of potential hosts, also

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

. Bacher A . Effects of body temperature on blood gases . Intensive Care Med 2005 ; 31 : 24 – 27 . 10.1007/s00134-004-2369-3 18. Gallagher AJ Frick LH Bushnell PG , et al. Blood gas, oxygen saturation, pH, and lactate values in elasmobranch

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research