Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 2,290 items for :

  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All

T ransesophageal echocardiography (TEE), often indicated during cardiac surgery, is becoming increasingly adopted as a tool when hemodynamic instability occurs during noncardiac procedures in humans. 1 – 4 Several protocols consisting of a

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Nutritional management holds promise as a tool for prevention and treatment of cardiac disease. Cardiac disease is 1 of the 10 most common diseases of cats and affects > 20% of cats in certain populations. 1-3 Nutritional alterations, such as

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

, increasing reabsorption of fluids and sodium in the kidneys, and stimulating sympathetic nerves. 1–4 Altered hemodynamics in animals with cardiac depression trigger the RA system, which leads to the sustained increase in angiotensin II concentrations. 5 The

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Radiographic evaluation of cardiac size and shape for potential eccentric cardiac enlargement is of diagnostic value in dogs and cats with suspected cardiac disease, 1–4 and echocardiography provides a reliable assessment of the heart's internal

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Cardiac MRI is regarded as the criterion-referenced standard for examination of the heart with respect to accuracy and reproducibility of volumes, mass, and wall motion in human medicine. 1 Moreover, cardiac MRI provides excellent spatial and

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Radiographic measurement of the cardiac silhouette is a survey diagnostic test that is commonly used in conjunction with physical examination to determine whether a patient likely has cardiac disease. However, physical examination of avians has

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

and skill. Because the prognosis for patients with metastatic or multicentric hemangiosarcoma is worse than that for patients with surgically resectable hemangiosarcoma, accurate staging allows for a more informed decision-making process. 12 Cardiac

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Cardiac output can be defined as the volume of blood moved by the heart per unit of time. 1,2 Measurement of CO also allows for calculation of oxygen delivery, oxygen consumption, and systemic vascular resistance ( Appendix ). 3 Monitoring of CO

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Cardiac arrhythmias have been reported in horses with gastrointestinal tract disorders. 1–4 These arrhythmias can be caused by metabolic or electrolyte disturbances, hypovolemia, toxemia, and drugs such as inhalation anesthetics or can be

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

troponin concentrations may be elevated and can result in cardiac injury in other disease processes, including myocardial contusions, congestive heart failure, cardiomyopathy, sepsis, and pulmonary embolism. 3,4 Concentrations of cTnI may be elevated in

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association