etiology, pathogenesis, and heterogeneity of the ailment in humans. These models are crucial for research studies. 4
There are substantial similarities in clinical features between AD and caninecognitivedecline (CCD). These shared features include the
have limited utility as platforms for testing interventions’ potential safety and efficacy.
Caninecognitivedecline (CCD) is a chronic, progressive neurodegenerative condition with behavioral and pathological symptoms resembling aspects of dementia