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This definition of pain was expanded as it pertains to animals as “an aversive sensory experience caused by actual or potential injury that elicits protecting motor and vegetative reactions, results in learned avoidance behavior, and may modify species

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

ultrasound scores can be observed over time to assess progression of respiratory disease. 9 – 11 Affected calves may also exhibit behavioral changes or sickness behaviors, such as lethargy or decreased grooming and appetite, or exploratory behaviors that may

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

History A 15-year-old 505-kg maiden Oldenburg mare was presented to the University of Pennsylvania’s New Bolton Center for behavior evaluation. Due to less cooperative behavior during estrus, a magnetic intrauterine device (iUPOD; Pearl Pod

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Introduction Annual wellness examinations enable veterinarians to identify health concerns early to provide effective treatment. Animal behaviors provide important insight into their health and welfare. In fact, current veterinary practice

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

: Blackwell's five-minute veterinary consult clinical companion: canine and feline behavior . Ames, Iowa : Blackwell Publishing , 2007 ; 227 – 235 . 6. Luescher AU . Compulsive behaviour . In: Horwitz D , Mills D , Heath S , eds. BSAVA

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

L . Stereotypic and compulsive disorders . In: Behavior problems of the dog and cat . 3rd ed. London : Saunders , 2013 ; 163 – 179 . 2. Luescher AU . Repetitive and compulsive behaviour in dogs and cats . In: Horwitz DF , Mills

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

other animals. The cat had unrestricted access to a single litter box (22 × 15 × 6 inches) with scented clumping litter in the unfinished basement. The owner worked from home and was able to observe the cat's daily behavior patterns consistently. The

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

restriction on equine behaviour and physiology . Equine Vet J 2000 ; 32 : 341 – 344 . 9 Weeks J Beck AM . Equine agitation behaviors . Equine Pract 1996 ; 18 : 23 – 24 . 10 Rivera E Benjamin

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Statement of the Problem A dog was examined because of thunderstorm-associated anxiety behaviors, including pacing, whining, owner-directed attention-seeking, and trembling, of > 1 year's duration, with increasing severity over time

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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protocols . In: Horwitz DF , Mills DS , eds. BSAVA manual of canine and feline behavioural medicine . 2nd ed. Gloucester, England : British Small Animal Veterinary Association , 2009 ; 49 – 64 . 19. Overall KL . Changing behavior: roles

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association