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patient and client suffering. Antimicrobial shortages also hamper antimicrobial stewardship by narrowing antimicrobial options for veterinarians. If a preferred antimicrobial agent (“first choice”) is not available for an animal due to a shortage

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

products are accessible for pet owners because they are readily available through over-the-counter purchases at pet stores, pharmacies, and online vendors; products designed specifically for pets as well as supplements designed for human use are

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

subpalpebral lavage system (SPL) to administer topical ophthalmic medications safely and efficiently. 1 , 2 , 6 , 10 – 13 , 15 – 17 , 21 – 24 Placement of commercially available SPLs is technically simple and requires limited equipment besides the manufacturer

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

of various commercially available systems can potentially differ in their characteristics. The fact that PRPs can differ substantially is pertinent in that some in vivo clinical and experimental studies in dogs yielded results that have been

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

noncopulatory stimulation), which can lead to misinterpretation of test results. Relaxin has been quantified in the plasma of pregnant queens throughout gestation. 15 The commercial availability of a point-of-care relaxin test kit a for detection of pregnancy

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

in humans may result from direct contact with infected animals. 12 The purpose of the study reported here was to evaluate commercially available raw meat and processed canine diets for contamination with NTSEC, Salmonella spp, and Campylobacter

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

strangles and submitted to the University of Illinois Veterinary Diagnostic laboratory. Many of these horses had a history of recent or prior vaccination with a commercially available modified-live S equi vaccine. Isolates of S equi with a dry colony

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

, whereas stand-alone pulse oximetry monitors were more affordable. More recently, inexpensive veterinary-specific oscillometric devices for measurement of blood pressure have become commercially available. These devices resemble human oscillometric devices

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

diseases in animals has become a public health and economic concern. Subsequently, rapid screening tests, which rely on the detection of PrP Sc , were developed 2 for identification of livestock at risk for TSEs. Such tests are most commonly available as

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

organisms. 5 Thus, seroreactivity to E canis antigens on IFA can indicate exposure to 1 of the listed agents but not necessarily exposure to E canis . Although not widely available, WB immunoassays that use native E canis antigens have been developed

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research