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bupivacaine liposome injectable suspension (BLIS; Nocita) is FDA approved for single-dose infiltration into the surgical site to provide local postoperative analgesia for cranial cruciate ligament surgery in dogs and as a peripheral nerve block to provide

Free access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

analgesia in this group of animals, which can lead to inappropriate pain management and an increased risk of adverse effects or reduced efficacy when extrapolating drug choice and dosing from other species. Administering oral medications can be challenging

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

variety of painful conditions and procedures, including neoplasia, oral disease, and abdominal surgery, there is little information regarding analgesia in this species. 1 This necessitates extrapolation of analgesic data in other distantly related species

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

of acetaminophen (ED50) for pyrexia is between 10 and 20 µg/mL 2 , 3 , 29 compared with 5 μg/mL in children. 25 , 28 Analgesia has been shown to be effective at a plasma concentration of 10 μg/mL in 50% of children undergoing tonsillectomy. 26

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

systemically and as part of a regional anesthetic technique (epidural) to provide relief from pain. 4 Multimodal analgesia, the concurrent administration of multiple analgesic drugs and analgesic techniques, is a method of providing postoperative pain relief

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

uterine activity in the dam. 6 Common methods for flank desensitization in small ruminants include local incisional blocks, inverted-L blocks, and proximal and distal paravertebral blocks. 7 Additionally, epidural analgesia can be used; however, these

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

A major complication of local anesthesia via epidural administration is the indiscriminate blockade of sensory, motor, and sympathetic fibers. In addition, a short duration of analgesia is among the limitations of local anesthesia via a single

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

excellent analgesia after enucleation in dogs. 2 The published retrobulbar injection technique 3 requires some technical skill and may not be an analgesic method that many veterinarians would feel competent in without prior training. Among analgesic

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

procedures and the use of analgesic drugs for treatment of perioperative pain increased substantially. 11,12 This type of information is invaluable in determining whether continuing education regarding pain and analgesia is reaching and influencing its

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

. Although considerable advances have been made in the recognition and treatment of pain in dogs, analgesia in ruminants is still not well studied and largely ignored. Both small and large ruminants develop conditions that would cause considerable and

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research