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. Therefore, the objective of our research was to evaluate the seroprevalence of FMD in small ruminants in the border areas of Pakistan and Afghanistan. Methods Ethical statement All animal experimentation protocols were conducted in accordance with

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Washington Headquarters Services and Joint Combat Casualty Care Research Team, located in Afghanistan. Survey materials were administered to military health-care personnel deployed to Afghanistan through distribution of paper survey packets across a range of

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

, Poodle, and Shih Tzu. Results Study group A — The Afghan ( P = 0.039, [n = 2]; control population, 118), Catahoula Leopard Dog ( P = 0.021 [1]; control population, 7), Chow Chow ( P < 0.001 [5]; control population, 152), Cocker Spaniel ( P < 0

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Abstract

Objective—To identify breed disposition, postoperative complications, and outcome in dogs with lung lobe torsion.

Design—Retrospective study.

Animals—22 client-owned dogs.

Procedure—Information on signalment; history; clinical findings; results of clinicopathologic testing, diagnostic imaging, and pleural fluid analysis; surgical treatment; intra- and postoperative complications; histologic findings; and outcome were obtained from medical records.

Results—All 22 dogs had pleural effusion; dyspnea was the most common reason for examination. Fifteen dogs were large deep-chested breeds; 5 were toy breeds. Afghan Hounds were overrepresented, compared with the hospital population. One dog was euthanatized without treatment; the remaining dogs underwent exploratory thoracotomy and lung lobectomy. Eleven dogs recovered from surgery without complications, but 3 of these later died of thoracic disease. Four dogs survived to discharge but had clinically important complications within 2 months, including chylothorax, mediastinal mesothelioma, gastric dilatation, and a second lung lobe torsion. Six dogs died or were euthanatized within 2 weeks after surgery because of acute respiratory distress syndrome, pneumonia, septic shock, pneumothorax, or chylothorax. Chylothorax was diagnosed in 8 of the 22 dogs, including 4 Afghan Hounds.

Conclusion and Clinical Relevance—Results suggest that lung lobe torsion is rare in dogs and develops most frequently in large deep-chested dogs, particularly Afghan Hounds. Other predisposing causes were not identified, but an association with chylothorax was evident, especially in Afghan Hounds. Prognosis for dogs with lung lobe torsion was fair to guarded. (J Am Vet Med Assoc 2000;217:1041–1044)

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

are open to students in kindergarten through 12th grade. ‘We cannot forget AfghanistanAfghans fleeing the Taliban crowd a U.S. flight evacuating from Kabul International Airport in Kabul, Afghanistan, this past August. (Photos courtesy of

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

hyperkeratosis of the foot pads. Clinical signs also included hyporexia, weight loss (approx 1.8 kg [4 lb]), polyuria and polydipsia, peripheral lymphadenopathy, and splenomegaly. The dog had been deployed to Afghanistan 3 times in the past 3 years and had been

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Spay-and-neuter operations are one of the most common procedures performed at the Kabul University Veterinary Faculty Animal Health Clinic in Kabul, Afghanistan. Below, an assistant at the clinic holds a stray kitten, which was captured for the

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Afghan Hounds, appear to be more commonly affected. 1,4,5,11,12 In large-breed dogs, LLT has been reported 1,4,5,13 as spontaneous and secondary to other conditions. Lung lobe torsion has been reported 1,13 in small-breed dogs but with less frequency

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Photograph of an 8-week-old sexually intact female Afghan Hound with a unilateral grade 2 left carpal flexural contracture deformity. Notice the slight antebrachiocarpal varus and flexion. Figure 3 Photograph of a 12-week-old sexually intact male

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Veterinary Faculty Animal Health Clinic in Afghanistan. This facility, and veterinary medicine in Afghanistan in general, traditionally have focused primarily on FSVM. However, a main emphasis of the story appeared to be the development of small animal

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association