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bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of about 1% to 2%. 13 The average systemic bioavailability of nebulized gentamicin was estimated to be 5%. 5 The efficacy of gentamicin has been linked to the ratio of the maximal concentration (C max ) divided by the MIC (C

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Bronchoalveolar lavage is a minimally invasive technique used to obtain luminal cells from terminal bronchi, bronchioles, and alveoli for investigating pulmonary disease. 1 In human, canine, and equine medicine, certain aspects of BAL techniques

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

. ABBREVIATIONS BAL Bronchoalveolar lavage BALF Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid ELF Epithelial lining fluid a. ABL 800 FLEX, Radiometer A/S, Brøshøj, Denmark. b. Domitor, Orion Oyj, Espoo, Finland. c. Torbugesic, Scanvet Animal Health A

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

remained > 15 cm H 2 O, whereas all control horses had changes in P L < 15 cm H 2 O during the study. 9 BAL procedures —Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was collected in February, March, and April from the left and right lungs of all horses. Horses were

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

domestic species. ABBREVIATIONS BAL Bronchoalveolar lavage BALF Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid FOT Forced oscillatory technique FRC Functional residual capacity PEF Peak expiratory flow PIF Peak inspiratory flow RIP Respiratory

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Rabbits are commonly evaluated by veterinarians for respiratory tract diseases. Bronchoalveolar lavage is a valuable tool in the diagnosis and management of respiratory conditions in humans and a number of veterinary species, including dogs, cats

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

allergen-specific IgE reactivity) may help to detect BALF biomarkers that can be used to distinguish between cats with asthma and those with chronic bronchitis. ABBREVIATIONS BALF Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid CLIN ASM Naturally developing

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

of the Université de Montréal. Bronchoscopy and BAL —Bronchoalveolar lavages were performed in the morning (from 8:00 AM to 10:00 AM) by use of standard procedures for our laboratory. 1 Briefly, horses were sedated with xylazine a (0.3 to 0.4 mg

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

quality in dogs with respiratory tract disease is warranted. ABBREVIATIONS BAL Bronchoalveolar lavage BALF Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid IQR Interquartile range MA Manual aspiration SPA Suction pump aspiration TNCC Total nucleated cell

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

mechanisms of various respiratory tract diseases and to identify disease-specific biomarkers. ABBREVIATIONS BAL Bronchoalveolar lavage BALF Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid IPF Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis a. Amicon Ultra-0.5 10 K

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research