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  • Author or Editor: Yohei Yamashita x
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Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To investigate whether lung ultrasonography (LUS) performed around the heart, where the lungs are in contact with the pericardium (ie, pericardial LUS), could be used for the diagnosis of cardiogenic pulmonary edema (CPE) in dogs with degenerative mitral valve disease (DMVD).

ANIMALS

15 control dogs with healthy hearts and 26 dogs with DMVD.

PROCEDURES

In a prospective multicenter study design, dogs with DMVD were assigned to 2 groups: those with CPE (n = 11) and those without CPE (15). Thoracic radiography, echocardiography, and pericardial LUS were performed for all dogs. For pericardial LUS, the left ventricular short-axis view was obtained with a sector probe (dog positioned in right parasternal recumbency) and the number of B lines was recorded. Accuracy of pericardial LUS for the diagnosis of CPE was calculated, with thoracic radiography used as the reference standard.

RESULTS

On thoracic radiography, all dogs with CPE had a diffuse distribution of interstitial to alveolar pulmonary infiltrates. On pericardial LUS, most control dogs (14/15) and dogs with DMVD but no CPE (13/15) had ≤ 2 B lines, whereas all dogs with DMVD and CPE had ≥ 3 B lines. The presence of ≥ 4 B lines had high sensitivity (91%; 95% confidence interval, 62% to 98%) and excellent specificity (100%; 95% confidence interval, 89% to 100%) for the diagnosis of CPE, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.99.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Results suggested that identification of ≥ 4 B lines extending from the epicardium of the left ventricle into the lung field on pericardial LUS may be useful in the diagnosis of CPE in dogs with DMVD. Additional research is needed to determine whether pericardial LUS allows differentiation between CPE and pneumonia.

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate and compare the clinical usefulness of plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and cardiac troponin-I (cTnI) concentrations for assessment of disease severity in dogs with naturally occurring mitral valve disease (MVD).

ANIMALS

316 dogs with MVD and 40 healthy control dogs.

PROCEDURES

Each dog underwent a physical examination and echocardiographic and thoracic radiographic assessments. Blood samples were obtained and processed for measurement of plasma ANP and cTnI concentrations. Dogs with MVD were categorized into 3 groups (stages B1 [no clinical signs or evidence of cardiac enlargement], B2 [no clinical signs with evidence of cardiac enlargement], and C [history of congestive heart failure and pulmonary edema]) on the basis of American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine guidelines. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to evaluate the accuracy of plasma ANP and cTnI concentrations for assessment of MVD severity.

RESULTS

Plasma ANP and cTnI concentrations increased as disease severity increased. Median plasma ANP concentrations for all 3 MVD groups and median plasma cTnI concentrations for the stage B2 and C groups were significantly greater than the corresponding concentrations for the control group. Plasma ANP concentration, but not cTnI concentration, appeared to be useful for detection of dogs with subclinical (stages B1 and B2) MVD, whereas both concentrations appeared useful for detection of dogs with stage C MVD.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Results indicated that plasma ANP and cTnI concentrations should not be used independently to diagnose MVD but can be used to assess MVD severity and supplement echocardiographic findings.

Restricted access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association