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  • Author or Editor: Yayoi Otsuka x
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Objective—To determine the usefulness of canine RBC with high concentrations of potassium, reduced glutathione (GSH), and amino acid(ie, HK cells) for in vitro cultivation of Babesia gibsoni.

Animals—RBC were obtained from 3 dogs that had inherited HK cells and from 3 genetically unaffected dogs that, therefore, had RBC with lower potassium (LK) concentrations (ie, LK cells).

Procedures—First, B gibsoni were cultivated using HK or LK cells in alpha-modification of Eagle medium, consisting of Earle salts with glutamine and without ribosides, deoxyribosides, and sodium bicarbonate under a humidified atmosphere containing 5% CO2 at 37 C. Second, parasites were cultivated with LK- or HK-cell lysates. Finally, HK cells were separated into 3 fractions (bottom, middle, top layers) by density gradient centrifugation, and B gibsoni were cultivated with each of the HK-cell fractions. In addition, the concentrations of free amino acids and reduced glutathione (GSH) in each HK-cell fraction were measured.

ResultsB gibsoni preferentially multiplied in HK-cell cultures rather than in LK-cell cultures. Furthermore, the addition of HK-cell lysate to the culture medium resulted in enhanced multiplication of the parasites. Higher multiplication of the parasites was observed in HK cells from the top layer, compared with HK cells from the middle and bottom layers. The HK cells from the top layer had higher concentrations of glutamate, aspartate, and GSH, compared with HK cells from the middle and bottom layer.

Conclusions—Canine HK cells are useful host cells for in vitro cultivation of B gibsoni, and the high concentrations of glutamate, aspartate, and GSH may result in enhancement of multiplication of the parasites in HK cells. (Am J Vet Res 2000;61:1520–1524)

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research