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  • Author or Editor: Xavier Ribot x
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SUMMARY

Objective

To detect antibodies against Aspergillus fumigatus antigens in serum samples from horses and to evaluate the relevance of this method as an alternative approach to the diagnosis of mycosis of the auditory tube diverticulum (guttural pouch mycosis [GPM]).

Animals

Twelve clinically normal horses (controls) and 12 horses with GPM diagnosed by endoscopic observation of characteristic mycotic plaques.

Procedure

Antibodies to A fumigatus antigens were detected in serum by use of an ELISA and immunoblot analysis with extracellular antigens.

Results

Antibodies against A fumigatus antigens were found in healthy and diseased horses. Titer of total Aspergillus antibodies was not diagnostic for GPM. In contrast, immunoblot analysis results indicated that 2 antigens of 22 and 26 kd were constantly recognized by sera from diseased horses.

Conclusions

Reactivity to 22- and 26-kd A fumigatus antigens, as measured by immunoblot analysis, seemed to be diagnostic for GPM in horses. (Am J Vet Res 1997;58:1364–1366)

Free access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Abstract

Objective

To determine the local variations of mechanical properties of the equine superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT).

Sample Population

10 SDFT of adult horses, selected for absence of abnormality.

Procedure

Needles (with a dark marker at both ends) pinned perpendicularly through each tendon to delimit 7 segments. Each tendon was tested in traction until rupture; test was filmed, using an 8-mm video camera. For each image, the coordinates of the center of mass of each marker and the corresponding force were registered. The third-degree polynomial that best fits the stress-strain curve thus obtained was calculated by a least squares approximation. The modulus of elasticity (Emax) of each segment was evaluated as the maximum of the derivative of this polynomial.

Results

Mean rupture load of the 10 SDFT was 12,356 ± 1,333 N. The strain at tendon rupture and Emaxvaried, respectively, from 8.1 ± 1.3% and 1,002 ± 161 MPa (sesamoidean region) to 12.5 ± 1.7% and 1,189 ± 63 MPa (metacarpal region). The values of the strain corresponding to Emax were remarkably similar along the SDFT (approx 5%).

Conclusions

Emax appeared fairly homogeneous along an SDFT, although being slightly higher in the metacarpal region. The 5% strain corresponding to Emax could be the limit strain beyond which microlesions of the tendinous fibers begin to appear, this threshold being first reached during the traction test by the metacarpal segments. (Am J Vet Res 1996;57:1111–1117)

Free access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research