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Abstract

Objective—To evaluate progress made by cattle herds in the control of paratuberculosis (Johne's disease) through participation in the Minnesota Johne's Disease Control Program (MNJDCP).

Design—Retrospective records analysis.

Sample Population—Data for dairy and beef herds participating in the MNJDCP.

Procedures—Data for the MNJDCP were collected for analyses. Outcome measures included changes in numbers of participating cattle producers, risk assessment scores, and within-herd seroprevalence of Johne's disease by year of program participation.

Results—Results revealed steady increases in program participation by cattle producers in Minnesota over time, with > 30% of dairy producers and 2% of beef producers in the state participating by the end of 2006. Despite risk of introduction of Johne's disease to cattle herds through continued introduction of cattle from other herds, dairy and beef herds in the Management Program of the MNJDCP reduced their on-farm risk assessment scores during the program. Dairy herds in the Management Program reduced their mean within-herd seroprevalence 1.1% during the first year, 2.6% during the first 2 years, and 4.0% during the first 3 years of program participation. Significant within-herd seroprevalence reduction was also detected for beef herds that participated in the Management Program for at least 3 years.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—This study revealed a reduction in the risk of withinherd transmission of Johne's disease and seroprevalence over time in dairy and beef herds in the Management Program of the MNJDCP. This is consistent with a positive effect of the program for the control of Johne's disease in cattle.

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Abstract

Objective—To record respiratory sounds in exercising horses and determine whether spectrum analysis could be use to identify sounds specific for laryngeal hemiplegia (LH) and dorsal displacement of the soft palate (DDSP).

Animals—5 Standardbred horses.

Procedure—Respiratory sounds were recorded and pharyngeal pressure and stride frequency were measured while horses exercised at speeds corresponding to maximum heart rate, before and after induction of LH and DDSP.

Results—When airway function was normal, expiratory sounds predominated and lasted throughout exhalation. After induction of LH, expiratory sounds were unaffected; however, all horses produced inspiratory sounds characterized by 3 frequency bands centered at approximately 0.3, 1.6, and 3.8 kHz. After induction of DDSP, inspiratory sounds were unaffected, but a broad-frequency expiratory sound, characterized by rapid periodicity (rattling) was heard throughout expiration. This sound was not consistently detected in all horses.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—The technique used to record respiratory sounds was well tolerated by the horses, easy, and inexpensive. Spectrum analysis of respiratory sounds from exercising horses after experimental induction of LH or DDSP revealed unique sound patterns. If other conditions causing airway obstruction are also associated with unique sound patterns, spectrum analysis of respiratory sounds may prove to be useful in the diagnosis of airway abnormalities in horses. (Am J Vet Res 2001;62:659–664)

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research