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  • Author or Editor: William A. Clark x
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To investigate the interaction between Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae and Pasteurella multocida infection, 32 pigs were randomly assigned by litter, sex, and weight to 4 treatment groups. Group-1 pigs were inoculated with M hyopneumoniae and allowed to recover from M hyopneumoniae infection. Group-2 pigs were vaccinated against M hyopneumoniae and then inoculated with M hyopneumoniae. Group-3 pigs were inoculated with M hyopneumoniae and developed clinical signs of mycoplasmosis. Group-4 pigs had never been exposed to M hyopneumoniae. All pigs were initially seronegative for M hyopneumoniae. All pigs were subsequently inoculated with P multocida and euthanatized 2 weeks later. Pasteurella multocida was isolated only from the lungs of group-3 pigs, and these pigs had a significantly higher median percentage of lung surface area affected by pneumonia than did pigs in the other groups. For group-3 pigs, percentage of lung surface area affected by pneumonia was positively correlated with the number of P multocida colonies isolated. We concluded that P multocida is not a primary respiratory pathogen in pigs, but that M hyopneumoniae infection can render the lungs susceptible to P multocida colonization and infection. Pigs recovered from or vaccinated against infection with M hyopneumoniae were resistant to P multocida infection.

Free access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association



To assess whether cardiac MRI or various biomarkers can be used to detect myocardial ischemia and fibrosis in dogs with cardiomegaly secondary to myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD).


6 dogs with cardiomegaly secondary to naturally occurring stage B2 MMVD being treated only with pimobendan with or without enalapril and 6 control dogs with no cardiac disease. All dogs were ≥ 5 years old with no systemic illness.


Serum cardiac troponin I and concentrations were measured, and dogs were anesthetized for cardiac MRI with ECG-triggered acquisition of native T1- and T2-weighted images. Gadolinium contrast was administered to evaluate myocardial perfusion and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). Mean T1 and T2 values and regions of LGE were measured with dedicated software. Extracellular volume (ECV) was estimated on the basis of Hct and T1 values of myocardium and surrounding blood. Subjective analysis for myocardial perfusion deficits was performed.


Dogs with MMVD had significantly (P = .013) higher cardiac troponin I concentrations than control dogs, but galectin-3 concentrations did not differ (P = .08) between groups. Myocardial fibrosis was detected in 4 dogs with MMVD and 3 control dogs; no dogs had obvious myocardial perfusion deficits. Native T1 and T2 values, postcontrast T1 values, and ECV values were not significantly different between groups (all P > .3).


Results suggest that some dogs with cardiomegaly secondary to MMVD may not have clinically relevant myocardial fibrosis.

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research