Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 2 of 2 items for

  • Author or Editor: Whitney Hinson x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All Modify Search

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe clinical findings and survival times for dogs with functional thyroid tumors treated with surgery alone and investigate potential prognostic factors for outcome in these patients.

ANIMALS

27 client-owned dogs.

PROCEDURES

Medical records of 9 institutions were reviewed to identify dogs with hyperthyroidism secondary to thyroid neoplasia that were treated with surgery alone between 2005 and 2015. Data collected included signalment, hematologic and physical examination findings, tumor staging results, time from diagnosis to treatment, surgical procedure performed, histologic findings, evidence of recurrence or metastatic disease, and date of death or last follow-up. Median survival time and 1-, 2-, and 3-year survival rates were assessed by Kaplan-Meier analysis. Associations between variables of interest and the outcome of death were assessed with Cox proportional hazards models.

RESULTS

Dogs from 8 institutions met inclusion criteria. Median age at diagnosis was 10 years (range, 8 to 13 years). Golden Retrievers and Labrador Retrievers were commonly represented (5 dogs each). Polyuria with polydipsia (15/27 [56%]) and weight loss (12 [44%]) were the most common clinical signs; 2 dogs without clinical signs had hyperthyroidism identified by routine hematologic analysis. One dog had metastatic disease at the time of diagnosis. Most tumors (23/27 [85%]) were malignant. Estimated median survival time was 1,072 days. No significant prognostic factors were identified.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Dogs with resectable functional thyroid tumors had a good prognosis with surgical excision alone. Survival times for these dogs were similar to those in previous studies that included dogs with nonfunctional thyroid tumors.

Restricted access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine the most common indications for cranial surgery and identify risk factors associated with the occurrence of complications and death in the perioperative period following cranial surgery.

ANIMALS

150 dogs and 15 cats.

PROCEDURES

For this multi-institutional retrospective case series, medical records of dogs and cats that underwent cranial surgery at any of the 4 participating institutions between 1995 and 2016 were reviewed. Variables were evaluated included species, sex, age, neurolocalization, history of preoperative seizures, surgical approach, histological results, perioperative complications, and outcome. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess for risk factors for complications.

RESULTS

The most common neurolocalization was the forebrain (110/165 [66.7%]), with 94 (57.0%) animals having had seizures preoperatively. The rostrotentorial (116/165 [70.3%]) and caudotentorial (32/165 [19.4%]) surgical approaches were most commonly reported. The most common indication was the treatment of meningioma (75/142 [52.8%]). Complications arose in 58 of the 165 (35.2%) cases within 24 hours and in 86 (52.1%) cases 1 to 10 days postoperatively. Perioperative complications included hypotension (38/165 [23.0%]) and anemia (27/165 [16.4%]). During the postoperative period, the most common complications were neurologic deficits, seizures, postoperative anemia, and aspiration pneumonia. The mortality rate with death or euthanasia perioperatively or ≤ 10 days postoperatively was 14.5% (24/165). Long-term complications occurred in 65 of the 165 (39.4%) animals, with seizures and neurologic deficits being the most common.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Cranial surgery was performed most commonly for the removal of neoplastic lesions in dogs and cats, and most complications were not life-threatening.

Restricted access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association