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  • Author or Editor: Tsutomu Honjoh x
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Abstract

Objective—To evaluate the relationship between plasma leptin concentration and body fat content in dogs.

Animals—20 spayed female Beagles that were 10 months old at the start of the experiment.

Procedure—Dogs were kept under regulated feeding and exercise conditions for 21 weeks, resulting in a wide range of body weights, body condition scores (BCS), and subcutaneous thicknesses. Plasma leptin concentration was measured by use of a canine leptin- specific ELISA test to evaluate its correlation to body fat content estimated by the deuterium oxide dilution method. Plasma concentrations of glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides (TG), and nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) were also measured.

Results—Body fat content (9 to 60% of body weight) was positively and closely correlated ( r = 0.920; n = 20; P < 0.001) to plasma leptin concentration (0.67 to 8.06 ng/ml), compared with other variables (ie, glucose, cholesterol, TG, and NEFA; r = 0.142, 0.412, 0.074, and 0.182, respectively).

Conclusion and Clinical Relevance—The positive relationship between plasma leptin concentration and body fat content in dogs was similar to correlations reported for humans and rodents, suggesting that plasma leptin is a quantitative marker of adiposity in dogs. (Am J Vet Res 2002;63:7–10)

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research