OBJECTIVE To compare the attenuation of the angiotensin I–induced blood pressure response by once-daily oral administration of various doses of angiotensin receptor blockers (irbesartan, telmisartan, and losartan), benazepril hydrochloride, or lactose monohydrate (placebo) for 8 days in clinically normal cats.
PROCEDURES Cats were administered orally the placebo or each of the drug treatments (benazepril [2.5 mg/cat], irbesartan [6 and 10 mg/kg], telmisartan [0.5, 1, and 3 mg/kg], and losartan [2.5 mg/kg]) once daily for 8 days in a crossover study. Approximately 90 minutes after capsule administration on day 8, each cat was anesthetized and arterial blood pressure measurements were recorded before and after IV administration of each of 4 boluses of angiotensin I (20, 100, 500, and 1,000 ng/kg). This protocol was repeated 24 hours after benazepril treatment and telmisartan (3 mg/kg) treatment. Differences in the angiotensin I–induced change in systolic arterial blood pressure (ΔSBP) among treatments were determined.
RESULTS At 90 minutes after capsule administration, only losartan did not significantly reduce ΔSBP in response to the 3 higher angiotensin doses, compared with placebo. Among drug treatments, telmisartan (3 mg/kg dosage) attenuated ΔSBP to a significantly greater degree than benazepril and all other treatments. At 24 hours, telmisartan was more effective than benazepril (mean ± SEM ΔSBP, 15.7 ± 1.9 mm Hg vs 55.9 ± 12.42 mm Hg, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Results indicated that telmisartan administration may have advantages over benazepril administration for cats with renal or cardiovascular disease.
Objective—To evaluate angiotensin I and angiotensin II rapid pressor response tests in healthy cats.
Animals—6 purpose-bred sexually intact male cats.
Procedures—Telemetric blood pressure (BP) implants were placed in all cats. After 2 weeks, cats were anesthetized for challenge with exogenous angiotensin I or angiotensin II. Continuous direct arterial BP was recorded during and immediately after IV administration of boluses of angiotensin I or angiotensin II at increasing doses. Blood pressure responses were evaluated for change in systolic BP (SBP), change in diastolic BP (DBP), and rate of increase of SBP by 4 observers.
Results—Following IV angiotensin I and angiotensin II administration, transient, dose-dependent increases in BP (mean ± SEM change in SBP, 25.7 ± 5.2 and 45.0 ± 9.1; change in DBP, 23.4 ± 4.7 mm Hg and 36.4 ± 7.8 mm Hg; for 100 ng of angiotensin I/kg and angiotensin II/kg, respectively) and rate of increase of SBP were detected. At angiotensin I and II doses < 2.0 ng/kg, minimal responses were detected, with greater responses at doses ranging from 20 to 1,000 ng/kg. A significant effect of observer was not found. No adverse effects were observed.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—The rapid pressor response test elicited dose-dependent, transient increases in SBP and DBP. The test has potential as a means of objectively evaluating the efficacy of various modifiers of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in cats. Ranges of response values are provided for reference in future studies.