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  • Author or Editor: Thomas E. Zimmerman x
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Summary

Polypeptides from whole cell preparations of Pasteurella multocida serotypes A: 12 and A:3 were separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and transferred to nitrocellulose paper. Antigens were detected by immunoblot analysis, using sera from 3 groups of rabbits. Sera were obtained from rabbits inoculated intranasally with P multocida serotype A: 12 or A:3, from rabbits maintained in a rabbitry with enzootic P multocida A: 12 infection, and from rabbits maintained in a rabbitry with enzootic P multocida A:3 infection. Immunoblot analyses of pre- and postinoculation sera from experimentally infected rabbits, using serotype A: 12 antigen, revealed 3 polypeptides with approximate molecular mass of 28, 30, and 37 kDa that consistently detected antibodies after P multocida-induced infection. Sera from rabbits naturally infected with either serotype, tested against serotype A: 12 and A:3 antigens, detected the same polypeptides in both serotypes. Thus, immunologic reactivity to these polypeptides may be useful for serologic detection of P multocida infection.

Free access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Summary

Naturally acquired turbinate atrophy in rabbits was associated with Pasteurella multocida infection. Several in vitro and in vivo studies were conducted to document toxin production from P multocida isolates and to determine the relation of toxin to atrophic rhinitis in rabbits. Ten isolates of P multocida serotype A:12 were obtained from adult New Zealand White rabbits with noninduced atrophic rhinitis. Specific-pathogen-free rabbits inoculated intranasally with isolates of P multocida developed rhinitis and turbinate atrophy. However, inoculation with filtrates of the same bacteria failed to induce turbinate atrophy. Cytotoxicity was observed in assays, using bovine embryonic turbinate cell cultures with extracts of P multocida, but not in agar overlay cytotoxicity assays, using bovine embryonic turbinate, bovine embryonic lung, or Vero cell cultures, or in a sandwich elisa, using monoclonal antibodies to purified P multocida toxin. Thus, turbinate atrophy was experimentally reproduced in rabbits with isolates of P multocida, but toxin was only detected in vitro by cell culture assay of P multocida extracts.

Free access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Summary

Four boars intranasally inoculated with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus were monitored for 56 days after exposure for changes in semen characteristics and for the presence of virus in the semen. Clinically, 2 of 4 boars had mild respiratory signs of 1 day's duration after infection. Changes in appetite, behavior, or libido were not detected. All boars seroconverted on the indirect fluorescent antibody and serum virus neutralization tests by day 14 after inoculation. Virus was isolated from serum between days 7 and 14 after inoculation. During the monitoring period, semen volume decreased and pH correspondingly increased; however, this change began 7 to 10 days prior to infection. Differences in sperm morphologic features, concentration, or motility between the preinfection and postinfection samples were not observed. The PRRS virus was detected in semen at the first collection in each of the 4 boars (ie, 3 or 5 days after challenge exposure). Virus was detected in nearly all semen samples collected from the 4 infected boars through days 13, 25, 27, and 43, respectively. Neither gross nor microscopic lesions attributable to PRRS virus were observed in tissues collected at the termination of the experiment (day 56), and virus isolation results from reproductive tissues were negative.

Free access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association