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  • Author or Editor: Terrance D. Braden x
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Abstract

Objective

To determine whether use of hemoglobin glutamer-200 (bovine) as a partial blood volume replacement in dogs undergoing cemented total hip replacement caused any deleterious effects on the bone-cement or cement-prosthesis interface, exerted any deleterious effects on body organs, or caused any complications during the anesthetic, immediate recovery, or long-term recovery period.

Animals

9 adult dogs.

Methods

Dogs were anesthetized, and 15% of the blood volume was removed. Simultaneously, lactated Ringer's solution was infused, and 6 dogs were given hemoglobin glutamer (1 g/kg of body weight, IV). Unilateral total hip replacement was performed. Limb use was assessed visually, and force-plate and radiographic evaluations were performed before, and 8 weeks after, surgery. Eight weeks after surgery, dogs were euthanatized, necropsies were performed, and prosthetic component pullout forces were determined.

Results

There were no significant differences between treated and control dogs in regard to biomechanical (visual assessment of gait, force-plate analysis, femoral and acetabular component pullout forces) and pathologic evaluations (physical examination, CBC, serum biochemical analyses, necropsy, and histologic evaluations). Radiographic signs of loosening of the femoral component were seen in 4 dogs treated with hemoglobin glutamer.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance

Administration of hemoglobin glutamer as a blood substitute did not appear to have any deleterious effects in dogs undergoing total hip arthroplasty. The radiographic findings, which were discordant with the biomechanical results, merit further investigation. (Am J Vet Res 1999;60:1337–1340)

Free access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Abstract

Objective

To use ground reaction forces and related impulses as an objective measurement of limb function in the comparison of 1 extracapsular and 1 intracapsular surgical technique for repair of cranial cruciate ligament rupture in dogs.

Animals

18 healthy dogs.

Design

All dogs underwent force-plate analysis of gait prior to transection of the left cranial cruciate ligament. The dogs were randomly allotted to 3 groups. The ligamentous instability was corrected, using a modified retinacular imbrication technique (MRIT) in 1 group and an under-and-over technique in another group. No attempt was made to correct the ligamentous instability in a control group. Clinical grading of lameness and force-plate analysis of gait were performed at 4, 8, 12, 16, and 20 weeks after surgery.

Procedure

Peak vertical force and vertical, braking, and propulsion impulses were recorded for each limb at each time. The degree of clinical lameness was graded at each time.

Results

Left hind limb peak vertical forces and vertical impulses were significantly decreased at all times after surgery in the control and under-and-over technique group, compared with values before surgery. Dogs of the MRIT group had improved by 20 weeks, with no significant differences between left hind limb peak vertical forces or vertical impulses recorded before surgery and at 20 weeks.

Conclusion

Peak vertical forces and vertical impulses in dogs undergoing MRIT repair after experimentally created cranial cruciate ligament rupture are not significantly different when values recorded for the operated limb at 20 weeks after surgery are compared with those recorded prior to surgery.(Am J Vet Res 1996;57:389-393)

Free access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research