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  • Author or Editor: Stephen R. Royals x
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Objective—To determine whether exposure of canine osteosarcoma cells to deracoxib or piroxicam results in decreased viability, whether the cytotoxic effects of deracoxib and piroxicam involve induction of apoptosis, and whether deracoxib is a more potent inhibitor of osteosarcoma cell growth than piroxicam.

Sample Population—1 fibroblast and 3 osteosarcoma cell lines.

Procedure—Cell counts and viability assays were performed using osteosarcoma cells (POS, highly metastatic POS, and canine osteosarcoma cell 31) and fibroblasts after 72 hours of incubation with deracoxib at concentrations of 0.5µM to 500µM or piroxicam at concentrations of 1µM to 1,000µM. Percentage viability was determined for each concentration. A DNA fragmentation analysis was performed to assess drug-induced apoptosis.

Results—Concentration of deracoxib required for 50% inhibition of cell viability (IC50) was reached in all 3 osteosarcoma cell lines and ranged from 70 to 150µM, whereas the IC50 for piroxicam was only reached in the POS cell line at 500µM. Neither deracoxib nor piroxicam induced sufficient toxicity in fibroblasts to reach an IC50. Exposure of osteosarcoma cells to cytotoxic concentrations of deracoxib and piroxicam did not result in DNA fragmentation.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Intermediate and high concentrations of deracoxib and high concentrations of piroxicam were cytotoxic to osteosarcoma cells; neither drug inhibited cell viability at typical plasma concentrations in dogs. Deracoxib inhibited viability of cells at concentrations that did not affect fibroblast viability. There was no evidence of apoptosis induction for either drug; however, only 1 cell line was evaluated for apoptosis induction and only for a limited selection of drug concentrations. (Am J Vet Res 2005;66:1961–1967)

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research