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  • Author or Editor: Stephane Montavon x
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SUMMARY

A cannulation technique was developed to collect blood samples from the ovarian vein of mares over an extended period. Ovarian venous cannulae placed in 4 mares remained patent for a mean (± sem) duration of 36.8 (± 6.2) days. During mid-diestrus, concentrations of progesterone in the ovarian vein ipsilateral to the corpus luteum (1,663.8 ± 238.8 ng/ml) were significantly (P < 0.001) higher than concentrations measured in paired samples from the jugular vein (6.1 ± 0.3 ng/ml). Concentration of estradiol in the ovarian vein ranged from a mean of 1,053.2 ± 303.1 pg/ml during diestrus to 3,353.8 ± 1,052.8 pg/ml during estrus, whereas values for 74% of samples collected concurrently from the jugular vein were near or below the sensitivity of the assay (10 pg/ml).

Results of the study indicate that patent long-term ovarian vein cannulation can be achieved in mares. The cannulation technique provides access to important fundamental information on equine reproductive endocrinology, which to our knowledge, has not been available.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research