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  • Author or Editor: Sheryl S. Justice x
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Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To characterize uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) in cases of clinical feline urinary tract infection (UTI) and subclinical bacteriuria and investigate the in vitro effects of E coli strain Nissle 1917 on isolate growth.

ANIMALS

40 cats with positive E coli culture results for urine collected during routine evaluation.

PROCEDURES

Characterization of UPEC isolates was performed by PCR-based phylotype analysis and serotyping. Nissle 1917 effects on growth inhibition and competitive overgrowth against UPEC isolates were evaluated in vitro using a plate-based competition assay.

RESULTS

Feline phylogroups were similar to previous human and feline UPEC studies, with most of the isolates belonging to phylogroup A (42.5%), B2 (37.5%), and D (15.0%). Fifty-two percent of isolates were found to be resistant to antimicrobials, with 19% of these being multidrug resistant (MDR). Nissle 1917 adversely affected the growth of 82.5% of all isolates and 100% of MDR isolates in vitro. The median zone of inhibition was 3.33 mm (range, 1.67 to 10.67 mm). Thirteen isolates were affected via competitive overgrowth and 20 via growth inhibition.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

UPEC isolates from cats were similar in phylogroup analysis to human and dog isolates. The in vitro effects of Nissle 1917 on UPEC warrant additional studies to determine if similar results can be duplicated in vivo.

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To investigate the probiotic Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 (EcN) in canine idiopathic diarrhea and urinary tract infections.

ANIMALS/SAMPLES

The utility of EcN was explored in a 3-phase study from March 2017 to June 2020. Eighty-nine dogs with idiopathic diarrhea were included in phase 1, 3 healthy dogs were included in phase 2, and uropathogenic E coli (UPEC) isolates from 38 dogs with urinary tract infections were included in phase 3.

PROCEDURES

In phase 1, dogs with diarrhea were prospectively enrolled in a randomized study to receive EcN (108 EcN bacteria/mL; < 10 kg received 5 mL/dose, 10 to 25 kg received 10 mL/dose, or > 25 kg received 15 mL/dose) or placebo for 3 days, followed by a 15-day observation phase. In phase 2, healthy dogs received EcN as described in phase 1, with feces analyzed for E coli populations and microbiome composition at days 0, 3, and 7. In phase 3, EcN efficacy was tested by in vitro plate assay against UPEC isolates.

RESULTS

Median duration of abnormal stool consistency, time to response, and duration of diarrhea were shorter for dogs that received EcN (5.0, 3.0, and 2.0 days, respectively) versus the placebo (7.0, 5.0, and 4.0 days, respectively) (P = .21, P = .05, and P = .039, respectively). EcN induced shifts in E coli diversity in healthy dogs while having minimal impact on overall microbiome structure. Furthermore, 68% of the canine UPEC isolates were susceptible to EcN in vitro.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

EcN improved the treatment of idiopathic diarrhea, colonized the gastrointestinal tract during the trial, and displayed in vitro competition with UPEC.

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research