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Veterinary medicine is a broad and growing discipline that includes topics such as companion animal health, population medicine and zoonotic diseases, and agriculture. In this article, we provide insight on how artificial intelligence works and how it is currently applied in veterinary medicine. We also discuss its potential in veterinary medicine. Given the rapid pace of research and commercial product developments in this area, the next several years will pose challenges to understanding, interpreting, and adopting this powerful and evolving technology. Artificial intelligence has the potential to enable veterinarians to perform tasks more efficiently while providing new insights for the management and treatment of disorders. It is our hope that this will translate to better quality of life for animals and those who care for them.

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a branch of computer science in which computer systems are designed to perform tasks that mimic human intelligence. Today, AI is reshaping day-to-day life and has numerous emerging medical applications poised to profoundly reshape the practice of veterinary medicine. In this Currents in One Health, we discuss the essential elements of AI for veterinary practitioners with the aim to help them make informed decisions in applying AI technologies into their practices. Veterinarians will play an integral role in ensuring the appropriate uses and good curation of data. The expertise of veterinary professionals will be vital to ensuring good data and, subsequently, AI that meets the needs of the profession. Readers interested in an in-depth description of AI and veterinary medicine are invited to explore a complementary manuscript of this Currents in One Health available in the May 2022 issue of the American Journal of Veterinary Research.

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To determine the feasibility of machine learning algorithms for the classification of appropriate collimation of the cranial and caudal borders in ventrodorsal and dorsoventral thoracic radiographs.

SAMPLES

900 ventrodorsal and dorsoventral canine and feline thoracic radiographs were retrospectively acquired from the Picture Archiving and Communication system (PACs) system of the Ontario Veterinary College.

PROCEDURES

Radiographs acquired from April 2020 to May 2021 were labeled by 1 radiologist in Summer of 2022 as either appropriately or inappropriately collimated for the cranial and caudal borders. A machine learning model was trained to identify the appropriate inclusion of the entire lung field at both the cranial and caudal borders. Both individual models and a combined overall inclusion model were assessed based on the combined results of both the cranial and caudal border assessments.

RESULTS

The combined overall inclusion model showed a precision of 91.21% (95% CI [91, 91.4]), accuracy of 83.17% (95% CI [83, 83.4]), and F1 score of 87% (95% CI [86.8, 87.2]) for classification when compared with the radiologist’s quality assessment. The model took on average 6 ± 1 second to run.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Deep learning-based methods can classify small animal thoracic radiographs as appropriately or inappropriately collimated. These methods could be deployed in a clinical setting to improve the diagnostic quality of thoracic radiographs in small animal practice.

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research