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  • Author or Editor: Roger W. Stich x
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Abstract

CASE DESCRIPTION

A 17-week-old 14.4-kg (31.7-lb) female German Shepherd Dog from Missouri with a history of multiple intermittent episodes of vomiting and diarrhea underwent exploratory celiotomy.

CLINICAL FINDINGS

At the time of surgery, the dog was bright, alert, and responsive, with a tender abdomen and palpable mesenteric lymph nodes. Hematologic data revealed mild leukocytosis, mild hypoproteinemia, and mild hypoalbuminemia. Moderate petechiation of the jejunal serosa and prominent mesenteric lymph nodes, but no palpable obstructions, were found during surgery. Jejunal and lymph node biopsies were performed; histologic examination revealed multiple segments of adult cestodes up to 700 μm long in the jejunum. Segments had a scolex and contained approximately 30- to 35-μm-diameter ova, morphologically compatible with Echinococcus spp. Fecal flotation revealed numerous proglottids and ova similar to those recognized histologically. Results of PCR assays confirmed Echinococcus multilocularis of E4 haplotype (a European strain).

TREATMENT AND OUTCOME

Praziquantel (5 mg/kg [2.3 mg/lb], SC, once) was administered after surgery; treatments after hospital discharge included praziquantel (10 mg/kg [4.5 mg/lb], PO, once). No proglottids or ova were observed by fecal flotation after the treatments. The dog remained healthy without gastrointestinal signs 1 year later.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

The dog of this report had no travel history outside the state of Missouri. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report of intestinal E multilocularis infection in a pet dog in the contiguous United States and first detection of a European strain of E multilocularis in this country. Findings suggested possible establishment of a European strain of this zoonotic pathogen in the contiguous United States.

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

SUMMARY

The development of Anaplasma marginale in midgut epithelial cells was studied in feeding, transmitting adult Dermacentor andersoni ticks. Laboratory-reared ticks experimentally infected as nymphs were allowed to feed from 1 to 9 days on susceptible calves. Gut tissues from ticks were collected on each day they fed (total, 9 days) and were processed for light and transmission electron microscopy. Colonies of A marginale were abundant during the first 6 days of feeding, after which numbers decreased. Colonies were adherent to the basement membrane of gut cells early during feeding, with resultant flattening of the colonies. Colonies also were seen in muscle cells on the hemocoel side of the basement membrane. Morphologic features of A marginale within muscle cells varied and were similar to those observed in gut cells. In addition, however, a large reticulated form in the colonies was observed in muscle cells and appeared to give rise to small particles by budding. Development of A marginale in muscle cells appears to represent an intermediate site of development between those in gut and in salivary glands.

Free access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research