Objective—To determine clinicopathologic features, surgical management, complications, and long-term outcome associated with diseases of the extrahepatic portion of the biliary tract treated via choledochal stent placement in dogs.
Design—Retrospective case series.
Procedure—Data were obtained from medical records, and follow-up information was obtained via reexamination or telephone interview with owners or referring veterinarians.
Results—10 dogs had extrahepatic biliary obstruction (EHBO), 6 as a result of pancreatitis. Two dogs had rupture of the common bile duct associated with cholelithiasis. In 1 dog, a stent was placed prophylactically after gastroduodenostomy was performed for a perforated duodenal ulcer. Nine of 13 dogs survived the perioperative period and were discharged. No recurrence of EHBO or other complications developed in the discharged dogs while the stents were in place. Median follow-up period from surgery to last owner contact was 13.3 months. In 1 dog, the stent was removed endoscopically 10 months after surgery and EHBO recurred 9 months after stent removal because of cholangitis. In 4 of 5 dogs that were discharged from the hospital, in which the fate of the stent could be confirmed and the stent was secured to the duodenal wall with absorbable suture materials, the stents were passed in the feces 1 to 11 months after surgery.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Choledochal tube stenting is an effective method of decompression of the extrahepatic portion of the biliary tract in dogs and provides a less complex alternative to traditional cholecystoenterostomy techniques in select cases.
Objective—To evaluate hip joint laxity in 10 breeds of
dogs via 2 radiographic techniques.
Animals—500 clinically normal dogs.
Procedure—Radiographs obtained via routine hip
joint evaluations performed in sedated dogs of 10
popular breeds were randomly selected from a database.
Measurements of distraction index (DI) and hipextended
index (HEI) on 1 hip joint radiograph randomly
chosen from each dog were made.
Results—Mean age of dogs was 20.7 months.
Mean HEI was 0.17 (range, 0.0 to 0.72) and mean
DI was 0.44 (range, 0.07 to 0.96). Borzois had uniformly
tight hip joints as judged by use of both
methods and were considered the gold standard by
which hip joint laxity was judged (all Borzois had DI
≤ 0.32). Overall, DI was significantly greater than
HEI. Within each breed, mean DI was always
greater than mean HEI. Significant differences were
detected among breeds for HEI; however, compared
with DI, the magnitude of differences among
breeds was less.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Distraction
radiography detected the greatest range and magnitude
of passive hip laxity in the 10 breeds of dogs. The
difference in values between breeds known to have
high prevalence of canine hip dysplasia and those in
Borzois was greater for DI than for HEI. Breeds must
be evaluated individually because of inherent differences
in hip joint laxity. ( J Am Vet Med Assoc 2004;