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  • Author or Editor: Michael L. Doherty x
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SUMMARY

Systemic administration of dexamethasone led to a significant reduction in the size of the tuberculin reaction in response to intradermal injection of bovine purified protein derivative in 18 cattle experimentally sensitized to Mycobacterium bovis (P < 0.01) and 8 cattle naturally infected with M bovis (P < 0.001). The reaction in 6 of the 7 M bovis-infected cattle that received dexamethasone was classified as negative for the standard interpretation of the single intradermal comparative tuberculin test. Significantly fewer BoCD2+ (P < 0.05) and BoCD4+ T cells (P < 0.001) were present at the reaction site and in blood of dexamethasone-treated cattle, compared with untreated control cattle. Significantly fewer cells expressing the interleukin-2 receptor and WC1+ γδ T cells (P < 0.001), and a significantly greater number of cells expressing the ACT2 antigen (P < 0.05) were found at the reaction site in dexamethasone-treated cattle than in controls. The number of BoCD8+ T cells at the reaction site and in blood was not significantly affected by administration of dexamethasone. In vitro production of interferon-γ by lymphocytes incubated with bovine purified protein derivative also was significantly lower (P < 0.01) in the dexamethasone-treated cattle.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research