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  • Author or Editor: Michael A. Breider x
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Summary

Renal ultrasonographic findings in 12 dogs and 3 cats determined to have oxalate nephrosis presumed to be secondary to ethylene glycol intoxication were examined. Ultrasonographic changes varied from mild to marked increases in renal cortical echogenicity. A pattern of greater than normal cortical and medullary echogenicity with persistence of areas of lesser echo intensity at the corticomedullary junction and central medullary regions was observed. This pattern, termed the halo sign, was recognized in 7 dogs and 1 cat concurrent with the development of clinical anuria. Ultrasonographic patterns in these clinical cases were similar to those observed in a previous study of dogs with experimentally induced ethylene glycol nephrosis. Ultrasonographic findings were not considered pathognomonic of ethylene glycol nephrosis. Due to the high death rate reported in the cases surveyed, detection of ultrasonographic changes was considered to warrant a guarded to poor prognosis. Because of the association of the halo sign with anuria, its detection was considered to warrant a grave prognosis.

Free access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

SUMMARY

Five dogs with mucopolysaccharidosis I, 3 of which had been treated with bone marrow transplantation (bmt), were evaluated for 20 months with electrocardiography, thoracic radiography, and M-mode and 2-dimensional echocardiography. Treated and untreated (control) dogs had widened P waves on ecg. Thoracic radiographs remained normal for all dogs throughout the study. Thickening of the mitral valve was observed on echocardiograms of dogs in both groups, but the untreated dogs appeared to have thicker valves. Concentrations of glycosaminoglycans in the mitral valves and myocardium were higher in control dogs than in treated dogs. Markedly large aortic root diameters were observed on echocardiograms in both untreated dogs, but aortic root diameters remained normal in treated dogs. Echocardiography, but not electrocardiography, was useful in monitoring heart enlargement in each dog. Dogs treated with bmt generally had less-severe cardiac changes and slower disease progression than control dogs.

Free access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research