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  • Author or Editor: Merve Ider x
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Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To investigate the clinical value of selected biomarkers for evaluation of systemic inflammatory response and pulmonary inflammation and damage pattern in calves with different pneumonia forms.

ANIMALS

16 calves with fibrinous pneumonia (FP group; infected with Mannheimia haemolytica or Pasteurella multocida), 12 calves with caseonecrotic pneumonia (CNP group; infected with Mycoplasma bovis), and 10 healthy calves (C group) based on results of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) examination.

PROCEDURES

Blood and BALF samples were collected. Annexin-A2 (Anx-A2), endothelin-1 (ET-1), calgranulin B (S100A9), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-17A (IL-17A), haptoglobin (Hp), lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP), and albumin (Alb) concentrations and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activities were measured and compared across groups.

RESULTS

Serum concentrations of Anx-A2, S100A9, TGF-β1, TNF-α, IL-17A, Hp, and LBP and activities of LDH and ALP were higher and Alb concentrations were lower for the pneumonia groups versus C group. BALF concentration ratios of S100A9:Alb, LBP:Alb, LDH:Alb, and ALP:Alb were higher for the pneumonia groups versus C group (P < .05). BALF concentration ratios of Anx-A2:Alb, TGF-β1:Alb, and IL-17A:Alb were higher for the FP group versus other groups (P < .05).

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Results indicated that serum Anx-A2, S100A9, TGF-β1, TNF-α, IL-17A, Hp, LBP, and Alb concentrations were useful in determining the systemic inflammatory response and that BALF concentration ratios of S100A9:Alb, TGF-β1:Alb, LBP:Alb, and ALP:Alb were useful biomarkers in determining pulmonary inflammation and damage. Measurements of BALF concentration ratios of Anx-A2:Alb, TGF-β1:Alb, and IL-17A:Alb could be beneficial to defining fibrinous characterization of pulmonary inflammation.

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the usefulness of intestinal biomarkers in determining the presence of intestinal epithelial damage in neonatal calves with diarrhea caused by 4 etiologic agents.

ANIMALS

40 neonatal calves that were healthy (n = 10) or had diarrhea (30).

PROCEDURES

The study was a cross-sectional study. Results of hematologic analyses and serum concentrations of intestinal fatty acid–binding protein (I-FABP), liver fatty acid–binding protein (L-FABP), trefoil factor 3 (TFF-3), Claudin-3 (CLDN-3), γ-enteric smooth muscle actin (ACTG2), intestinal alkaline phosphatase (IAP), interleukin-8 (IL-8), platelet-activating factor (PAF), and leptin (LP) were compared among calves grouped according to whether they were healthy (control group; G-1) or had diarrhea caused by K99 Escherichia coli (G-2; n = 10), bovine rota- or coronavirus (G-3; 5 each), or Cryptosporidium spp (G-4; 10).

RESULTS

Across the 3 time points at which blood samples were obtained and evaluated, the groups of calves with diarrhea generally had markedly higher mean serum concentrations of L-FABP, TFF-3, IAP, IL-8, and LP, compared with the control group. In addition, G-2 also consistently had markedly higher mean serum concentrations of I-FAB and ACTG2 and lower mean serum concentrations of CLDN-3, compared with the control group.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Results indicated that degree of intestinal epithelial damage differed among calves grouped by the etiologic agent of diarrhea and that such damage might have been more severe in calves with diarrhea caused by K99 E coli. Additionally, our results indicated that serum concentrations of I-FABP, L-FABP, TFF-3, IAP, IL-8, ACTG2, LP, and CLDN-3 were useful biomarkers of intestinal epithelial damage in calves of the present study.

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research