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  • Author or Editor: Melvin L. Moeschberger x
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Abstract

Objective

To evaluate, in primiparous cows, the effect of dietary biotin supplementation on severity of lesions of aseptic subclinical laminitis.

Animals

100 primiparous cows in a 800-cow commercial dairy herd.

Procedure

Cows were assigned after calving to a biotin-supplemented (20 mg/head/d) or control group on an alternating basis. Digits 3 and 4 of the left forelimb and right hind limb were examined at a mean of 25, 108, and 293 days after parturition. Toe length, hoof angle, and heel depth were measured, and hooves were examined for solear hemorrhage, yellow solear discoloration, separation of the white line, and heel erosion. Serum and milk biotin concentrations were also measured.

Results

Serum biotin concentrations were significantly higher for supplemented than for control cows. During the second examination, prevalence of separation of the white line of digits 3 and 4 of the hind limb and digit 4 of the forelimb was lower for supplemented than for control cows. Mean decrease in heel depth between the first and third examinations was approximately twice as great for digit 4 of the forelimb and 4 times as great for digit 3 of the forelimb in supplemented, versus control, cows. Other differences were not found.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance

Results suggest that supplemental dietary biotin may have a beneficial effect on hoof health in intensively managed primiparous dairy cows. (Am J Vet Res 1998;59:733-738)

Free access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Summary

Forty-eight herds participating in the 1988/1989 Ohio National Animal Health Monitoring System dairy project were monitored for 1 year to determine the effects of environment and management on mortality in preweaned calves. Environmental factors were evaluated by veterinarians during monthly visits to the herds. Management procedures were measured through the use of a questionnaire administered near the end of the project. Mortality in preweaned calves was calculated for each herd by using data from project records on calf mortality and animal inventory, which were collected monthly by veterinarians. Relationships between the management/environment variables and calf mortality were examined by use of analysis of covariance. Herd size, days on a nipple feeder, navel disinfection, type of housing, and whether each calf observed with diarrhea was treated with antibiotics were the variables that had an impact on herd mortality. These variables explained approximately 39% of the variation in mortality among herds.

Free access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association