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  • Author or Editor: Martina Patzl x
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Abstract

Objective—To establish a sensitive test for the detection of autoantibodies against thyroid peroxidase (TPO) in canine serum samples.

Sample Population—365 serum samples from dogs with hypothyroidism as determined on the basis of serum concentrations of total and free triiodothyronine (T3), total and free thyroxine (T4), and thyroidstimulating hormone, of which 195 (53%) had positive results for at least 1 of 3 thyroid autoantibodies (against thyroglobulin [Tg], T4, or T3) and serum samples from 28 healthy dogs (control samples).

Procedure—TPO was purified from canine thyroid glands by extraction with detergents, ultracentrifugation, and precipitation with ammonium sulfate. Screening for anti-TPO autoantibodies in canine sera was performed by use of an immunoblot assay. Thyroid extract containing TPO was separated electrophoretically, blotted, and probed with canine sera. Alkaline phosphatase–conjugated rabbit anti-dog IgG was used for detection of bound antibodies.

Results—TPO bands were observed at 110, 100, and 40 kd. Anti-TPO autoantibodies against the 40-kd fragment were detected in 33 (17%) sera of dogs with positive results for anti-Tg, anti-T4, or anti-T3 autoantibodies but not in sera of hypothyroid dogs without these autoantibodies or in sera of healthy dogs.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—The immunoblot assay was a sensitive and specific method for the detection of autoantibodies because it also provided information about the antigen. Anti-TPO autoantibodies were clearly detected in a fraction of hypothyroid dogs. The value of anti-TPO autoantibodies for use in early diagnosis of animals with thyroid gland diseases should be evaluated in additional studies.

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Abstract

Objective—To establish the radiosensitivity and effect of irradiation on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and VEGF receptor (VEGFR) expression in the canine mastocytoma cell line C2.

Sample Population—Canine mastocytoma cell line C2.

Procedures—C2 cells were irradiated with single doses of 2, 4, 6, and 8 Gy. The 3-(4, 5-di-methyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide assay and proliferation assays with (methyl-hydrogen 3) thymidine were used for radiosensitivity experiments. Expression of VEGFR was determined via flow cytometry and apoptotic rate via annexin assay. Human and canine VEGF ELISA kits were evaluated in crossover assay experiments, and the canine kit was used thereafter.

Results—C2 cells secreted VEGF constitutively. Radiation did not induce a significant increase in VEGF secretion, regardless of radiation dose. Consistently, radiation did not up-regulate VEGFR. Cell survival rates decreased in a dose-dependent manner. The apoptotic cell fraction had a dose-dependent increase that reached its maximum 24 to 48 hours after radiation.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—The C2 cell line was radiosensitive, and a fraction (up to 40%) of cells died via apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. In response to radiation, C2 cells did not upregulate VEGF production or VEGFR. Further studies are needed to determine whether tumor control could be improved by combining radiotherapy with VEGFR inhibitors or apoptosis-modulating agents.

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research