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  • Author or Editor: Margret E. Donahue x
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Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate stability of coagulation factors in canine plasma obtained by use of plasmapheresis and stored over a 36-month period.

SAMPLE

Canine plasma obtained by use of plasmapheresis acquired from a commercial blood bank.

PROCEDURES

Coagulation testing for fibrinogen concentration and activity of factors II, V, VII, VIII, and IX and von Willebrand factor was performed on canine plasma obtained by use of plasmapheresis. Samples were obtained for testing at 6-month intervals from plasma stored for up to 36 months.

RESULTS

A simple mixed linear regression model was created for each analysis. Median value for the fibrinogen concentration was > 150 mg/dL for all time points, except at 467, 650, and 1,015 days of storage. Median value for factor VIII was > 70% only at 650 days. Median value for factor V was > 50% through 650 days. Median value for factors VII and X was > 50% through 833 days, and median value for factors II and VII was > 50% through 1,015 days. Median value for von Willebrand factor was > 50% for the entire study (1,198 days). Median value for factor X was always < 50%.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Coagulation factors degraded over time at variable rates, and all labile factors remained at > 50% activity for longer than 1 year. Plasma collected by plasmapheresis potentially offers prolonged life span of some clotting factors. Plasmapheresis is an acceptable form of canine plasma collection for transfusion purposes, and further studies should be performed to determine all of its benefits.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research