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  • Author or Editor: Margaret V. Root Kustritz x
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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Introduction

Mental health and stress have become increasingly important concerns for veterinarians 1,2,3,4 and, especially so, veterinary students. 5,6,7 A study 5 in Australia, for example, found that veterinary students self-reported greater levels of personal stress than medical students, junior medical officers, practicing veterinarians, and the general public. Some studies 5,7 have described the transition into the veterinary curriculum (ie, the first and second years) as most stressful, whereas others have described the preclinical and clinical years (ie, the third and fourth years) as

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
History

A 6.5-year-old sexually intact female English Springer Spaniel was examined to determine the cause of postestral vulvar discharge. The bitch had begun exuding odorless, green vulvar discharge 19 days after the onset of proestrus. Prior to that date, vulvar discharge was as expected during proestrus and estrus.

The bitch had been tested for brucellosis approximately 1 year before admission; results for that test were negative. The bitch had successfully given birth to puppies in the past, but she was not bred during this estrus. The owner also described signs of a depressed attitude, which was considered typical for this

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Elective gonadectomy of dogs and cats, most commonly performed as an OHE of females and castration of males, is one of the most common veterinary procedures performed in the United States. 1 Increasingly, dog owners and members of the veterinary profession throughout the world have questioned the optimal age for performance of these surgeries or whether they should even be performed as elective surgeries. The objective for the information reported here was to provide a review of the scientific evidence, which could be used by veterinarians to counsel clients appropriately on this issue.

Traditional Age at Gonadectomy

Currently, most

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association