Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 2 of 2 items for

  • Author or Editor: Marek Brabec x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All Modify Search

Abstract

Objectives

To quantitate numbers of immunoglobulin (Ig)-containing cells (IgA, IgG, and IgM) and T cells (CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+) in the colonic mucosa of healthy dogs, and to determine whether mean cell numbers differ among colonic regions.

Animals

10 clinically normal young adult mixed-breed dogs.

Procedure

Endoscopically obtained specimens of ascending, transverse, and descending colonic mucosa were stained specifically for IgA, IgG, and IgM heavy chains and T-cell antigens, CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+, using immunoperoxidase techniques. Morphometric analysis, performed by light microscopy, was used to quantitate numbers in these standardized areas of colonic mucosa. Data analysis allowed determination of mean cell numbers in each colonic region, as well as comparison of mean cell numbers among colonic regions.

Results

The CD3+ and CD8+ T cells were the predominant immune cell types in all colonic regions. In the mucosa, CD3+ T cells were significantly (P < 0.05) more numerous than CD8+ T cells, and CD8+ T cells were significantly (P < 0.05) more numerous than CD4+ T cells. The IgA-containing cells were significantly (P < 0.05) more numerous than IgG-containing cells, whereas IgM-containing cells were least numerous (P < 0.05). Differences in mean cell counts among colonic regions were not significant for Ig-containing cells or T cells.

Conclusions

Mean numbers of immune cells did not differ significantly among colonic regions in healthy dogs, although differences existed in mean populations of T cells and Ig-containing cells. The CD3+ and CD8+ T cells were the most numerous immune cell types in colonic mucosa.

Clinical Relevance

These quantitative data provide a basis for study of alterations in populations of mucosal immune cells and their possible contribution to the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal tract disease. (Am J Vet Res 1998;59:552–556)

Free access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Abstract

Objective

To determine the association between longitudinal bone growth and concentrations of growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in serum from prepubertal dogs.

Animals

6 male 14-week-old German Shepherd Dogs.

Procedure

Blood was obtained every 30 minutes for 14 consecutive days. Concentrations of GH and IGF-I in serum were determined, using a canine-specific radioimmunoassay and conventional radioimmunoassay after acid-ethanol extraction, respectively. Simultaneous biplanar radiography was performed daily to measure bone growth. Spectral analysis was used to estimate specific features of GH secretion during an extended period. Multiple linear regression with different lag times between independent and dependent variables was used to determine the strongest predictors of bone growth.

Results

The power spectra of GH concentrations in serum had a primary peak at a frequency of 0.02 cycles/h or a periodicity of 50 h/cycle. A significant determinant of longitudinal bone growth was a lag time of 1 day in concentration of GH in serum. The relationship between IGF-I concentration in serum and bone growth was not significant.

Conclusions

The primary frequency of GH secretion is outside the time frame of a single day and the concentration of GH in serum is a primary determinant of bone growth.

Clinical Relevance

A better understanding of the components of bone growth provide discernment to improved diagnosis and treatment of abnormal bone growth. (Am J Vet Res 1998;59:1608-1612)

Free access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research