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  • Author or Editor: Marcel A. M. Taverne x
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Concentration of the acute-phase protein serum amyloid-A (saa) was measured by means of an indirect ELISA method, in plasma of 3 pregnant cows and in plasma taken by cannula from another 4 pregnant cows and, by separate cannula, from their fetuses. Blood samples were taken daily from approximately 72 hours before until 72 hours after parturition. After parturition, saa concentration increased significantly (P < 0.05) in maternal plasma. In fetal plasma, only a nonsignificant increase was found at time of delivery. The concentration of maternal saa started to increase within the first 24 hours after delivery, reaching a peak value between 24 and 48 hours after delivery.

In the aforementioned plasma samples from the 4 pregnant cows and their fetuses, the concentration of maternally derived cortisol increased nonsignificantly after parturition. The concentration of fetally derived cortisol was significantly (P< 0.05) increased at parturition (t = 0), compared with the initial fetal cortisol concentration at 120 hours before delivery.

Peripartum concentration of maternal saa increased and maternal cortisol remained low, whereas fetal saa concentration remained low and fetal cortisol concentration increased. These findings indicate possible suppressive action of fetal cortisol on fetal saa production. However, it might be argued that the main cause of the difference in saa concentration is the difference in tissue damage between cows and fetuses at parturition.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research


Objective—To determine whether the addition of chromic oxide (Cr2O3) to creep feed could be used as a visual marker in feces for selection of creep feed–eating suckling pigs.

Animals—20 suckling pigs.

Procedures—Via syringe, 5 pigs (2 to 3 days old on day 0; 1 pig/treatment) from each of 4 litters received oral administrations of 10, 20, 30, or 40 g of creep feed containing 10 g of Cr2O3•kg−1 on each of 2 consecutive days (days 20 and 21) or 30 g of creep feed containing 10 g of Cr2O3•kg−1 on day 20 and 30 g of Cr2O3-free creep feed on day 21. On days 21 through 24, 6 fecal samples were collected from each pig at regular intervals between 8:00 AM and 6:00 PM. Green-colored feces were considered indicative of creep feed consumption (eaters). Data analyses were based on single and multiple fecal samples.

Results—On day 22, evaluation of 1 fecal sample/pig and multiple fecal samples per pig resulted in identification of as many as 40% and only 15% of the feed-treated pigs wrongly as noneaters, respectively. Repeated sampling over multiple days would identify 99% of eaters accurately. Pigs erroneously identified as noneaters were those administered either low amounts of Cr2O3-supplemented creep feed for 2 days or Cr2O3-supplemented creep feed on only 1 day.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Data suggest that addition of Cr2O3 to creep feed enables selection of individual creep feed–eating suckling pigs via examination of feces, provided that repeated fecal samples are evaluated.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research


Objective—To evaluate methods for on-farm measurements of uterine contractility in postpartum dairy cows by comparing data simultaneously recorded by use of 2 intrauterine pressure (IUP) devices and quantified electromyographic (EMG) signals.

Animals—5 cows during the first 48 hours after parturition.

Procedure—2 EMG electrodes were implanted on the surface of the gravid uterine horn. Parturition was induced by injection of a prostaglandin F analogue at day 274 of gestation. An open-tip catheter and pressure microtransducer were transcervically inserted and affixed to a caruncle immediately after calving. Changes in IUP were recorded concurrent with EMG recordings during 2-hour periods at 2, 6, 12, 18, 24, 36, and 48 hours after parturition. Novel acquisition and analysis software programs were used with a digital data-filtering capability for evaluation of IUP and EMG signals.

Results—The method for intrauterine fixation of the 2 pressure measurement instruments was effective and allowed easy, externally guided removal of the devices 48 hours after parturition. There was a high correlation between the data obtained by the 2 pressure measuring systems. Good correlation was also found between pressure data obtained by the open-tip catheter system and EMG signals. Although the quantified IUP and EMG signals were highly comparable, synchronization was not always evident during visual inspection of these signals.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—The open-tip IUP catheter system with a special fixation method is suitable for use in on-farm studies. It will enable investigators to record natural and pharmacologically influenced uterine contractility in early postpartum dairy cows. (Am J Vet Res 2005;66:1605–1615)

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research