Objective—To determine left ventricular free wall
(LVFW) motions and assess their intra- and interday
variability via tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) in healthy
awake and anesthetized dogs.
Animals—6 healthy adult Beagles.
Procedure—In the first part of the study, 72 TDI
examinations (36 radial and 36 longitudinal) were performed
by the same observer on 4 days during a 2-week period in all dogs. In the second part, 3 dogs
were anesthetized with isoflurane and vecuronium.
Two measurements of each TDI parameter were
made on 2 consecutive cardiac cycles when ventilation
was transiently stopped. The TDI parameters
included maximal systolic, early, and late diastolic
Results—The LVFW velocities were significantly higher
in the endocardial than in the epicardial layers and
also significantly higher in the basal than in the midsegments
in systole, late diastole, and early diastole.
The intraday coefficients of variation (CVs) for systole
were 16.4% and 22%, and the interday CV values were
11.2% and 16.4% in the endocardial and epicardial layers,
respectively. Isoflurane anesthesia significantly
improved the intraday CV but induced a decrease in
LVFW velocities, except late diastolic in endocardial layers
and early diastolic in epicardial layers.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Left ventricular
motion can be adequately quantified in dogs and
can provide new noninvasive indices of myocardial
function. General anesthesia improved repeatability
of the procedure but cannot be recommended
because it induces a decrease in myocardial velocities.
(Am J Vet Res 2004;65:909–915)