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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association



To perform a pilot study with the intent of assessing the feasibility of a modified subchondroplasty (mSCP) technique in a validated preclinical equine model of full-thickness articular cartilage loss and evaluate the short-term patient response to the injected materials.


3 adult horses.


Two 15-mm-diameter full-thickness cartilage defects were created on the medial trochlear ridge of each femur. Defects were treated with microfracture and then filled by 1 of 4 techniques: (1) autologous fibrin graft (FG) via subchondral injection of fibrin glue (FG), (2) autologous fibrin graft via direct injection of FG, (3) subchondral injection of a calcium phosphate bone substitute material (BSM) with direct injection of FG, and (4) untreated control. Horses were euthanized after 2 weeks. Patient response was evaluated via serial lameness examination, radiography, magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, gross evaluation, microcomputed tomography, and histopathology.


All treatments were successfully administered. The injected material perfused through the underlying bone into the respective defects without adversely affecting the surrounding bone and articular cartilage. Increased new bone formation was seen at the margins of the trabecular spaces containing BSM. There was no treatment effect on the amount or composition of tissue within defects.


The mSCP technique was a simple, well-tolerated technique in this equine articular cartilage defect model without significant adverse effects to host tissues after 2 weeks. Larger studies with long-term follow-ups are warranted.

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research