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A 5-year-old 499-kg (1,098-lb) castrated male Quarter Horse was submitted to the Oklahoma State University Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory because of a 6-week history of unilateral epistaxis from the right naris. Multiple antimicrobial treatments had been ineffective. Nasal endoscopic examination had revealed proliferative tissue covering the left auditory tube diverticulum (guttural pouch) opening and the surrounding areas. Because of financial constraints, the owner elected euthanasia of the horse.

Clinical and Gross Findings

The horse had a body condition score of 4 of 9. Necropsy revealed that the subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissues were diffusely dark yellow. The right naris

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
History

A 2-year-old sexually intact male German Shepherd Dog was evaluated at the Veterinary Teaching Hospital at the University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine because of a 1-month history of lethargy and anorexia and a 5-day history of coughing, ataxia, and weakness. The dog's vaccination history was unknown.

Clinical and Gross Findings

Upon initial examination, the dog was ataxic yet able to walk, had delayed proprioception in the hind limbs, and had signs of severe pain, especially throughout the caudal aspect of the lumbar region and hind limbs. Bilateral corneal ulcers and absent corneal reflexes were also observed. Test

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
History

A 2-year-old 120-g (0.26-lb) sexually intact female sugar glider was evaluated at a veterinary teaching hospital because of lethargy and anorexia of 1 day's duration. The sugar glider had been obtained along with another female 1 month prior to the evaluation. Both sugar gliders were housed in the same cage and fed a diet of pelleted food with fruits, vegetables, yogurt, mealworms, and a reptilian calcium supplement. The cagemate appeared clinically normal. On arrival at the hospital, the sugar glider was dehydrated with generalized weakness. Supportive care including SC fluid administration, oral supplementation with glucose and calcium gluconate, and

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
History

A 4-year-old 1.18-kg (2.6-lb) spayed female Yorkshire Terrier was referred to the University of Illinois Veterinary Teaching Hospital for neurologic evaluation. The dog had been losing vision and circling to the right for 6 months. The dog became ataxic and unable to right itself after falling 1 week prior to referral.

Clinical and Gross Findings

On neurologic examination, the dog had a left head turn and tilt, thoracolumbar kyphosis, and extensor rigidity of the pelvic limbs. The dog was nonambulatory and tetraparetic and would twist and roll (ie, alligator roll) to the left when attempting to stand. Placing responses

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
History

A 10-year-old 9.1-kg (20-lb) neutered male domestic shorthair cat was evaluated because of an acute onset of lethargy, vomiting, anorexia, and paradoxical breathing a few hours prior to hospital admission. Physical examination revealed mild tachypnea (40 breaths/min), paradoxical breathing, and absence of lung sounds ventrally on the right side of the thorax. Anemia (Hct, 17%; reference range, 30% to 45%), thrombocytopenia (140,000 platelets/μL; reference range, 300,000 to 700,000 platelets/μL), and a stress leukogram (neutrophil count, 19,500 neutrophils/μL; reference range, 2,500 to 12,500 neutrophils/μL; lymphocyte count, 1,100 lymphocytes/μL; reference range, 1,700 to 7,000 lymphocytes/μL) were detected on CBC. Mild hypoproteinemia

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To evaluate effects of anatomic location, histologic processing, and sample size on shrinkage of excised canine skin samples.

SAMPLE Skin samples from 15 canine cadavers.

PROCEDURES Elliptical samples of the skin, underlying subcutaneous fat, and muscle fascia were collected from the head, hind limb, and lumbar region of each cadaver. Two samples (10 mm and 30 mm) were collected at each anatomic location of each cadaver (one from the left side and the other from the right side). Measurements of length, width, depth, and surface area were collected prior to excision (P1) and after fixation in neutral-buffered 10% formalin for 24 to 48 hours (P2). Length and width were also measured after histologic processing (P3).

RESULTS Length and width decreased significantly at all anatomic locations and for both sample sizes at each processing stage. Hind limb samples had the greatest decrease in length, compared with results for samples obtained from other locations, across all processing stages for both sample sizes. The 30-mm samples had a greater percentage change in length and width between P1 and P2 than did the 10-mm samples. Histologic processing (P2 to P3) had a greater effect on the percentage shrinkage of 10-mm samples. For all locations and both sample sizes, percentage change between P1 and P3 ranged from 24.0% to 37.7% for length and 18.0% to 22.8% for width.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Histologic processing, anatomic location, and sample size affected the degree of shrinkage of a canine skin sample from excision to histologic assessment.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research
History

Three approximately 4-week-old eastern gray squirrel siblings (Sciurus carolinensis) believed to be orphaned were brought to the University of Illinois Wildlife Medical Clinic.

Clinical and Gross Findings

At the initial evaluation, physical examination revealed that one of the squirrels had firm, raised, hairless, hyperemic nodules (approx 0.2 to 0.5 cm in diameter) on the right forelimb and near the tail base. Out of concern that the nodules were caused by an infection and were potentially painful, this squirrel (a female) was treated orally with meloxicam and amoxicillin trihydrate potentiated with potassium clavulanate. While hospitalized, the littermates were

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association