OBJECTIVE To determine rate of recurrence of disk herniation in dogs that underwent percutaneous laser disk ablation (PLDA) because of a previous episode of suspected or confirmed thoracolumbar intervertebral disk herniation (IVDH).
DESIGN Retrospective case series.
ANIMALS 303 dogs that underwent PLDA and for which a minimum of 3 years of follow-up information was available (n = 294) or for which recurrence was documented within 3 years after the procedure (9).
PROCEDURES Information on signalment, previous episodes of IVDH, specifics of the PLDA procedure, and recurrence was obtained from the medical records. Owners were contacted to complete a questionnaire regarding outcome and recurrence.
RESULTS 60 of the 303 (19.8%) dogs had an episode of suspected or confirmed IVDH after undergoing PLDA, but only 11 of the 303 (3.6%) dogs had a recurrence of IVDH confirmed by means of CT or MRI and hemilaminectomy. Recurrence rate following PLDA was not significantly different between dogs that had been treated medically for previous episodes of IVDH and dogs that had been treated surgically. Overall, 270 of 286 (94.4%) owners reported that their dog was the same (109 [38.1%]) or improved (161 [56.3%]) immediately after PLDA, and 265 (92.7%) owners rated their satisfaction with the procedure as ≥ 9 on a scale from 1 (completely dissatisfied) to 10 (completely satisfied).
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Results suggested that PLDA was a relatively safe, minimally invasive procedure associated with a low rate of recurrence of disk herniation when performed in dogs with a history of previous episodes of suspected or confirmed IVDH.
Objective—To compare histologic artifacts caused by
carbon dioxide (CO2) or 810-nm diode surgical lasers
used to obtain small biopsy specimens of skin from
Procedure—21 skin biopsy specimens were collected
from each dog. Three biopsy specimens were
obtained with a CO2 or an 810-nm diode laser at 3
operating settings each, and 3 biopsy specimens
were obtained with a 6-mm biopsy punch instrument
(controls). After processing, biopsy specimens were
examined for artifacts related to laser-tissue interactions.
Microscopically visible char was measured
from the lateral edge of each specimen obtained with
Results—There were no significant differences
among mean char distances in biopsy specimens
obtained with the CO2 laser at various settings. Mean
char distance was significantly greater in all skin biopsy
specimens obtained with the diode laser, compared
with those obtained with the CO2 laser. Mean
char distance was significantly greater in biopsy specimens
obtained with the 810-nm diode laser at high
power, compared with biopsy specimens obtained
with the 810-nm diode laser at low power.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Results indicated
that the CO2 laser caused less thermal injury at
margins of skin biopsy specimens; therefore, if a surgical
laser is used for removal of cutaneous masses
or to obtain skin biopsy specimens, use of the CO2
laser is recommended. Veterinarians performing a
biopsy by using a surgical laser should be aware that
laser-induced artifacts may render small biopsy specimens
useless for providing accurate histologic diagnosis.
(J Am Vet Med Assoc 2004;225:1562–1566)
Objective—To determine outcome of and complications
associated with prophylactic percutaneous laser
disk ablation in dogs with thoracolumbar disk disease.
Procedure—Medical records of dogs with a history
of thoracolumbar disk disease in which the 7 intervertebral
disks from T10-11 through L3-4 were ablated
with a holmium-yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser inserted
through percutaneously placed needles were
reviewed. Complications and episodes of a recurrence
of neurologic signs (eg, paresis or paralysis)
were recorded. Owners were contacted by telephone
for follow-up information.
Results—Nine of 262 (3.4%) dogs for which followup
information was available had a recurrence of paresis
or paralysis. Follow-up time ranged from 1 to 85
months (mean, 15 months); signs recurred between
3 and 52 months (mean, 15.1 months) after laser disk
ablation. Acute complications occurred in 5 dogs and
included mild pneumothorax in 1 dog, an abscess at
a needle insertion site in 1 dog, and proprioceptive
deficits in 3 dogs, 1 of which required hemilaminectomy
within 1 week because of progression and
severity of neurologic signs. One dog developed
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Results suggest
that prophylactic percutaneous laser disk ablation
is associated with few complications and may
reduce the risk of recurrence of signs of intervertebral
disk disease in dogs. (J Am Vet Med Assoc 2003;222:
Objective—To compare clinical outcome, healing,
and effect of tracheostomy in conventional incisional
and carbon dioxide (CO2) laser techniques for resection
of soft palates in brachycephalic dogs.
Design—Prospective randomized trial.
Animals—20 adult brachycephalic dogs.
Methods—Dogs were randomly allocated into 4
groups, and 1 of the following was performed: palate
resection by use of a CO2 laser; incisional palate
resection and closure with suture; and palate resection
by use of a CO2 laser or incision with tracheostomy.
A clinical score for respiratory function was
assigned to each dog at 0, 2, 8, 16, and 24 hours.
Biopsy specimens of incision sites obtained at days 0,
3, 7, and 14 were examined. Data were analyzed to
determine the effects of technique on clinical and histologic
Results—Mean surgical time for laser (309 seconds)
was significantly shorter than for sharp dissection
(744 seconds). Surgical technique significantly affected
clinical scores at 3 of the 5 postoperative time
points, but differences were not clinically apparent.
Tracheostomy significantly affected clinical scores at 3
of 5 postoperative time points. After tracheostomy
tube removal, clinical scores were similar to those of
dogs without tracheostomies. Inflammation, necrosis,
and ulceration were evident in all groups at day 3;
these lesions had almost resolved by day 14. Most
complications were associated with tracheostomy.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Clinical outcomes
appear to be similar with the laser and incisional
techniques. Regarding surgical time and ease,
laser resection of the soft palate appears advantageous.
Tracheostomy is not warranted in dogs that
have uncomplicated surgeries and recoveries. (J Am
Vet Med Assoc 2001;219:776–781)