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  • Author or Editor: Katsuya Hirai x
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Summary

Monoclonal antibodies were prepared against 40- and 56- to 64-kd antigens of Chlamydia pecorum strain Maeda, which was isolated from a cow with pneumonia. Using the monoclonal antibodies, 5 strains of C pecorum, 25 strains of mammalian and 19 strains of avian C psittaci, 1 strain of C pneumoniae, and 3 strains of C trachomatis were analyzed for immunologic reactivity by use of the indirect immunofluorescent test. Monoclonal antibody analysis revealed immunologic relatedness between C pecorum and mammalian strains of C psittaci, which were completely differentiated from the other avian strains. Bovine strains were distinguished from ovine strains. Antigenic diversity was observed for bovine and ovine strains. Feline- and guinea pig-derived strains were shown to be immunologically different from bovine and ovine strains. Results provide the basis for typing and epidemiologic study of bovine and ovine strains of C pecorum and C psittaci.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Summary

Virologic and pathologic investigations were done on prednisolone-treated bitches with a history of canine herpesvirus (chv) infection. Reactivation of chv was demonstrated in 5 Beagle bitches after daily administration of 600 mg of prednisolone for 5 days. The reactivation was confirmed in 4 of 5 bitches. Canine herpesvirus was recovered from nasal, oral, vaginal, and ocular secretions on the 5th to 21st days after initiation of treatment with prednisolone, and also from nasal mucosa and tonsil tissues. Results indicated that latent chv infections develop and that the virus may be reactivated, without clinical signs, in dogs with a history of chv infection.

Free access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research