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  • Author or Editor: Joshua D. Prey x
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Abstract

Objective—To determine whether a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) assay based on serum iohexol clearance can be used to predict carboplatin clearance in cats.

Animals—10 cats with tumors.

Procedures—GFR was measured concurrently by use of plasma clearance of technetium Tc 99m–labeled diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (99mTc-DTPA) to yield GFR99mTc-DTPA and serum clearance of iohexol to yield GFRIohexol. A single dose of carboplatin was administered IV as a bolus. Dose was calculated by use of a target value for the area under the plasma platinum concentration-versus-time curve (AUCTarget) and estimation of platinum clearance (CLPT) derived from GFR99mTc-DTPA as follows: dose = AUCTarget × 2.6 × GFR99mTc-DTPA × body weight, where AUCTarget is 2.75 min·mg·mL−1. Plasma platinum concentrations were measured via atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Values for GFR99mTc-DTPA and GFRIohexol were compared by use of least-squares regression and Bland-Altman analysis. Least-squares regression was used to determine whether CLPT could be predicted from GFR99mTc-DTPA or GFRIohexol (or both).

Results—GFR99mTc-DTPA and GFRIohexol were strongly correlated (r = 0.90), but GFRIohexol values were significantly larger by a factor of approximately 1.4. Platinum clearance had a significant linear relationship to GFR99mTc-DTPA (CLPT = 2.5 × GFR99mTc-DTPA) and to GFRIohexol (CLPT = [1.3 × GFRIohexol] + 1.4).

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—In cats, serum iohexol clearance was an accurate predictor of CLPT and can be used to calculate the carboplatin dose as follows: dose = AUCTarget × ([1.3 × GFRIohexol] + 1.4) × body weight.

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To evaluate platinum content in biodegradable carboplatin-impregnated beads and retrospectively assess tolerability and outcome data for dogs treated by intralesional placement of such beads following surgical excision of subcutaneous sarcomas.

DESIGN Evaluation study and retrospective case series.

SAMPLE 9 carboplatin-impregnated beads and 29 client-owned dogs.

PROCEDURES Platinum content in 9 carboplatin-impregnated beads from 3 lots was measured by spectrophotometry, and calculated carboplatin content was compared with the labeled content. Medical records were searched to identify dogs with subcutaneous sarcomas for which treatment included placement of carboplatin-impregnated beads between 2011 and 2014. Signalment, tumor characteristics, surgical and histologic data, adverse events, and local recurrences were recorded. Associations between variables of interest and adverse events or local disease-free interval were analyzed.

RESULTS In vitro analysis identified a mean ± SD platinum content of 5.38 ± 0.97 mg/bead. Calculated carboplatin content (10.24 ± 1.84 mg/bead) was significantly greater than the labeled amount (4.6 mg/bead). Bead weight and total platinum content differed significantly among lots, but platinum content per bead weight did not. Mild-to-moderate local adverse events were reported for 11 of 29 tumors; all resolved without additional surgery. No dogs had signs of systemic toxicosis. Overall local disease-free rates 1, 2, and 3 years after surgery were 70%, 70%, and 58%, respectively, as determined by Kaplan-Meier analysis.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Carboplatin-impregnated beads were well tolerated; however, results of in vitro tests indicated that caution is needed because of manufacturing inconsistencies.

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association