Objective—To evaluate the effects of cis–urocanic acid (cis-UCA) on mammary gland (MG) inflammation and injury associated with Escherichia coli–induced mastitis in dairy cows.
Animals—12 lactating dairy cows (36 MGs).
Procedures—At 7-week intervals, a different MG in each cow was experimentally inoculated with E coli. At 6-hour intervals from 6 to 36 hours after inoculation, the inoculated MG in each cow was infused with 40 mL of saline (0.9% NaCl) solution, 12.5mM cis-UCA, or 25mM cis-UCA (4 cows/group); ultimately, each cow received each treatment. Immediately prior to and at various time points after inoculation and treatment, milk samples were collected. Bacterial CFUs, somatic cell counts (SCCs), N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAGase) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activities, and concentrations of bovine serum albumin, tumor necrosis factor-α, and cis-UCA were quantified in each milk sample.
Results—Compared with findings in saline solution–treated MGs, NAGase and LDH activities in milk samples from cis-UCA–treated MGs were lower. Cis-UCA had no effect on milk SCCs and milk concentrations of bovine serum albumin and tumor necrosis factor-α. Furthermore, cis-UCA had no adverse effect on bacterial clearance; CFUs of E coli in MGs treated with saline solution or cis-UCA were equivalent.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—In cows, milk NAGase and LDH activities were both lower in E coli–infected MGs infused with cis-UCA than in those infused with saline solution, which suggests that cis-UCA reduced mastitis-associated tissue damage. Furthermore, these data indicated that therapeutic concentrations of cis-UCA in milk can be achieved via intramammary infusion.