To evaluate the effects of rocuronium and sugammadex on the patient state index (PSI) in dogs anesthetized with propofol.
6 intact healthy male Beagles.
Anesthesia was induced with and maintained on a propofol infusion. The estimated plasma propofol concentration (ePC) was recorded. Baseline PSI and train-of-four ratio (TOFR) readings were collected for 2 minutes in stable general anesthesia. Neuromuscular blockade (NMB) was induced with 0.6 mg/kg, IV, rocuronium, and full NMB was confirmed with a TOFR of 0. After 5 minutes, the neuromuscular function was restored with 4 mg/kg sugammadex, IV (reversal), and monitored for 5 minutes. Throughout the data collection, ePC, PSI, and TOFR were recorded every 15 seconds and compared with mixed-effect ANOVA.
Baseline ePC, PSI, and TOFR were 3.63 ± 0.38, 41 ± 6, and 0.97 ± 0.08 µg/mL, respectively. There was no difference between the baseline of ePC and PSI from NMB or reversal. Compared to the baseline, the TOFR decreased to 0 with NMB (P < .001) and returned to 0.96 ± 0.08 (P = .721) on reversal. After 5 minutes, sugammadex fully reversed 5 out of 6 dogs to TOFR > 0.90 and partially reversed 1 animal to TOFR = 0.80.
There was no evidence that NMB with rocuronium and sugammadex-induced reversal interfered with PSI readings under steady-state total intravenous anesthesia with propofol. Further evaluation of PSI is warranted to assess its utility in a clinical population to detect changes in levels of consciousness during NMB.