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History

An 8-year-old sexually intact male white alpaca was submitted for necropsy after being referred to a private veterinary hospital because of a history of circling and ataxia for a few hours.

Clinical and Gross Findings

Physical examination performed by the referring veterinarian did not reveal any other abnormalities, but the clinical signs rapidly progressed and the alpaca died 24 hours later. No neurologic examination was performed. At necropsy, the carcass was in good body condition. A well-demarcated, sessile, white, and firm nodule measuring 3 cm in diameter was attached to the gingival surface of the gum at the level

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
History

A 4-year-old Holstein cow had a history of chronic emaciation and profuse brownish green diarrhea, which was entirely liquid and described as being like water from a hose. The cow was euthanized by an IV overdose sodium pentobarbital injection 5 to 6 weeks after calving because of extreme weakness.

Clinical and Gross Findings

At necropsy, the cow had a body condition score of 2 of 5 and was dehydrated. There was marked loss of muscle mass, serous atrophy of epicardial and perirenal fat depots, and fluid effusion in the abdominal cavity (1.7 L), thoracic cavity (700 mL), and pericardial

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association