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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association


Mast cells isolated from feline splenic mastocytomas were cultured to study their structural and functional properties. Isolated cells from various cats were grown as monolayer cultures for a mean of 56 days (range, 30 to 76 days). Cat mast cells released allergic mediators in response to compound 48/80, anti-cat serum antibodies, and concanavalin A. On the basis of the finding that secretion from cat mast cells was stimulated by anti-cat serum antibodies and concanavalin A, these cells contain surface-bound immunoglobulins. The presence of mast cell-sensitizing antibodies has been suspected in cats, but never before directly demonstrated. Cultured cat mast cells have cytochemical and functional characteristics common to connective tissue-type mast cells and provide one of the few non-rodent models of cultured cells for the study of this type of mast cell.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research


Case Description—A 4-month-old American Paint Horse colt was evaluated because of acute onset of ataxia, left-sided head tilt, and fever and a recently noticed heart murmur. Upper respiratory tract infection caused by Streptococcus equi subsp equi had been diagnosed at 3 months of age.

Clinical Findings—Hematologic abnormalities included leukocytosis, mature neutrophilia, monocytosis, and mild anemia. Analysis of a CSF sample revealed high total protein concentration and total nucleated cell count; nucleated cells consisted mainly of degenerate neutrophils. Results of a real-time PCR assay were positive for S equi subsp equi, and a diagnosis of S equi subsp equi meningoencephalomyelitis was made.

Treatment and Outcome—Treatment included administration of potassium penicillin and fluids, but the foal developed uroperitoneum and was subsequently euthanized. Postmortem examination revealed meningoencephalomyelitis, and S equi subsp equi was cultured from a brain aspirate. Additional findings included suppurative cystitis with rupture and neutrophilic myocarditis.

Clinical Relevance—Findings suggest that S equi subsp equi meningoencephalomyelitis should be considered in the differential diagnosis for foals with neurologic signs that have a history of strangles or exposure to affected horses.

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association


CASE DESCRIPTION A 4-year-old sexually intact male pet guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) was evaluated for a routine wellness examination.

CLINICAL FINDINGS During physical examination, a small mass was palpated in the cranial aspect of the abdomen. Abdominal radiographic and ultrasonographic findings were suggestive of a gastric mass. Cytologic evaluation of a fine-needle aspirate of the mass was indicative of spindle cell proliferation most consistent with a sarcoma.

TREATMENT AND OUTCOME The patient was anesthetized, and an exploratory laparotomy and partial gastrectomy were performed to resect the gastric mass. Histologic and immunohistochemical examinations of the mass revealed that it was a gastric leiomyoma. The patient recovered from surgery without complications. No evidence of mass recurrence was observed during an abdominal ultrasonographic examination performed approximately 19 months after surgery.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE To our knowledge, this was the first report of the clinical diagnosis and successful surgical treatment of a gastric neoplasm in a guinea pig. Gastric leiomyomas are not uncommon in guinea pigs, and although benign, they can cause clinical signs if they become large enough to impair gastric function. Gastrointestinal surgery should be considered as a treatment option for guinea pigs with similar gastric neoplasms.

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association