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Abstract

Objective—To evaluate the effectiveness of vinorelbine in the management of various malignant tumor types in dogs.

Design—Retrospective case series.

Animals—58 dogs with malignant tumors, including pulmonary carcinoma (n = 31), histiocytic sarcoma (9), mast cell tumor (5), lymphoma (4), melanoma (2), and 7 other tumor types (1 each).

Procedures—Medical records of dogs treated with vinorelbine from December 1997 to December 2012 were reviewed for data regarding signalment, clinical signs, physical examination findings, clinicopathologic test results, diagnostic imaging results, vinorelbine doses and dose frequency, surgery and radiotherapy details when applicable, other chemotherapeutics administered, and outcomes. Descriptive, comparative, and survival statistics were computed for all dogs and for dogs by histologic subgroup of tumors.

Results—Vinorelbine was administered palliatively to 44 (76%) dogs. One (2%) dog had a complete response for 162 days, 5 (11%) dogs had a partial response for a median duration of 91 days, 19 (43%) dogs had stable disease for a median duration of 68 days, and 19 (43%) dogs developed progressive disease after a median duration of 21 days. Clinical benefit was more difficult to assess in the remaining 14 (24%) dogs that received vinorelbine as an adjuvant treatment. Overall median time to tumor progression was 103 days (range, 5 to 1,533 days).

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Vinorelbine appeared to be effective in the treatment of several tumor types in dogs. Follow-up prospective studies of the clinical benefit of the drug in specific clinical scenarios will be necessary to support this conclusion.

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic utility of a cancer genomic diagnostic assay (SearchLight DNA; Vidium Animal Health) for diagnostically ambiguous cancer cases.

ANIMALS

69 privately owned dogs with ambiguous cancer diagnoses and for which the genomic assay was performed.

PROCEDURES

Genomic assay reports generated between September 28, 2020, and July 31, 2022, for dogs with malignancy or suspected malignancy were reviewed to determine the assay’s clinical utility defined as providing diagnostic clarity, prognostic information, and/or therapeutic options.

RESULTS

Genomic analysis provided diagnostic clarity in 37 of 69 cases (54%; group 1) and therapeutic and/or prognostic information in 22 of the remaining 32 cases (69%; group 2) for which the diagnosis remained elusive. Overall, the genomic assay was clinically useful in 86% (59/69) of cases.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

To our knowledge, this was the first study to evaluate the multifaceted clinical utility of a single cancer genomic test in veterinary medicine. Study findings supported the use of tumor genomic testing for dogs with cancer, particularly those that are diagnostically ambiguous and therefore inherently challenging to manage. This evidence-driven genomic assay provided diagnostic guidance, prognostic support, and therapeutic options for most patients with an unclear cancer diagnosis that would otherwise have an unsubstantiated clinical plan. Furthermore, 38% (26/69) of samples were easily obtained aspirates. Sample factors (sample type, percentage of tumor cells, and number of mutations) did not influence diagnostic yield. Our study demonstrated the value of genomic testing for the management of canine cancer.

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association